Otto von Bismarck

De Wikipedia, le encyclopedia libere
Saltar al navigation Saltar al recerca
Otto von Bismarck
BismarckArbeitszimmer1886.jpgOtto von Bismarck portrait 1873.jpg
Pronunciation del nomine
Sexo mascule
Nascentia 1815-04-01, 1815 (Schönhausen)
Decesso 1898-07-30, 1898 (Friedrichsruh)
Causa de decesso maladia
Loco de reposo Bismarck Mausoleum[*]
Citatania Kingdom of Prussia[*], Prussia, German Empire[*]
Educate in University of Göttingen[*], Frederick William University[*], Q20827377[*]
Occupation politico[*], diplomate[*], jurista[*]
Obras notabile Gedanken und Erinnerungen[*]
Partito politic German Conservative Party[*], Free Conservative Party[*]
Religion Lutheranismo
Conjuge Johanna von Puttkamer[*]
Infantes Marie von Bismarck[*], Wilhelm von Bismarck[*], Herbert von Bismarck[*]
Parentes matre Wilhelmine Luise Mencke[*] patre Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand von Bismarck[*]
Fratres/sorores Malwine von Bismarck[*], Bernhard von Bismarck[*]
Premios Order of the Crown[*], Order of the Black Eagle[*], Supreme Order of Christ[*], Order of Hospitallers[*], Pour le Mérite for Sciences and Arts[*], Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece[*], Order of St. Andrew[*], Order of St. Alexander Nevsky[*], Pour le Mérite[*], Lifesaving Medal[*], Ludwigsorden[*], Royal Order of the Seraphim[*], Order of the Most Holy Annunciation[*], honorary citizen of Bonn[*], Wilhelm-Orden[*], Grand Cross of the Order of the Immaculate Conception of Vila Viçosa[*], Order of Saint Stanislaus, 1st class[*]
Lingua anglese, francese, germano
Signatura Otto vonBismarck Signature.svg
Identificatores
ISNI 0000 0001 2101 0812
VIAF 46772111
IMDB nm0901976
Commons Otto von Bismarck

Otto Eduard Leopold von Bismarck - Graf von Bismarck (conte), depost Fürst von Bismarck - (1815-04-01 - 1898-07-30) esseva Cancellero del regno de Prussia de 1862 a 1890. Ille unificava le Germania e deveniva le prime cancellero (1871 - 1890) del Imperio Germanic. Un chef conservative, aristocratic e monarchic, Bismarck era famose pro su dominantia domestic e su politica externe effective.

Bismarck veniva de un familia del Junkeres (le nobilitate prussian) in le Provincia de Saxonia. Ille travaliava como un politico e diplomat ante ille deveniva le cancellero. In iste rolo, ille committeva al unification de Germania sub le monarchia prusse. Ille provocava tres breve e decisive guerras contra Danmark, Austria e Francia. Iste eventos e alteros causava le creation del Imperio German sin Austria in 1871. Post le victoria abassante super Francia e Napoléon III in 1871, Bismarck establiva plure alliantias e accordos con Austria, Italia, Russia e altere nationes a fin de impedir le vindicantia de Francia. Su politica externe pragmatic era nominate Realpolitik. Ille manovrava attentivemente diplomatia pro mantener un balancia de potentia e pace in Europa. Nonobstante, ille consentiva ideas nationalista con le annexion de Alsatia-Lorena e le fundation de un imperio colonial.

Le systema politic del imperio includeva un assemblea eligite e suffragio universel masculin, ma le cancellero era responsabile solmente al imperio. Le primo, Gulielmo I, permitteva le dominantia de Bismarck e non interveniva usualmente in politica. Un protestanto devote, BIsmarck initialmente se alliava con le politicos liberal protestante e exequeva un lucta politic (Kulturkampf) contra le Ecclesia Catholic in Germania a fin de rumper su influentia super le societate civil. Post 1878, Bismarck lo finiva e in su loco se alliava con le partitos catholic contra le liberales e le movimento crescente socialdemocratic. Pro combatter le politica del sinistra, ille prohibir multe organisationes de opposition e institueva le prime stato assistential in le mundo, con ille creava un assecurantia de salute e accidente pro le obreros.

Bismarck era describite como obstinate, imperiose e franc ma etiam pote esser polite, amicabile e facete. Ille era de tempore in tempore de mal humor. Ille intimidava repetitemente Gulielmo I per menacias de resignation. Le imperio subsequente obstinate Gulielmo II non succedeva con Bismarck e tosto compulsava su resignation. Ille se retirava pro scriber su memorias. Bismarck era un heroe al nationalistas german e laudate a causa de su habilitate politic e diplomatic, ma le systema diplomatic collabeva post su resignation.