Ingenieria electric

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Ingenieros electric designa systemas complexe de energia electric

Le ingenieria electric, nominate anque electrotechnica, es un specialitate del ingenieria que studia e recerca le application del electricitate, electronica e electromagnetismo.

Le ingenieria electric non include le ingenieria electronic in tote le mundo, con exception del SUA ubi pote on pote includer lo. Le distinction es que le ingenieria electric es considerate specialisate in le grande systemas como transmission de energia electric e controlo de motor, ma le ingenieria electronic es specialisate in le systemas electronic a micre scala que pote includer computatores e circuitos integrate.[1]

Historia[modificar | modificar fonte]

Le electricitate ha essite un subjecto de interesse scientific depost le experimentationes scientific de Alessandro Volta in 1775 sur le electrophoro, un apparato que produce un cargamento de electricitate static, e depost 1800 quando Volta ha disveloppate le pila voltaic, un precursor del batteria electric.[2]

Thomas Edison ha construite le prime rete de electricitate

In le seculo 19 le recerca in le subjecto se intensificava. Le disveloppamentos notabile in le seculo 19 include le labor de Georg Ohm, qui in 1827 ha discoperite le relation quantitative inter le currente electric e differentia de potential in un conductor, Michael Faraday, le discoperitor del induction electromagnetic in 1831, e James Clerk Maxwell, qui in 1873 ha publicate un theoria unificate inter le electricitate e magnetismo in Electricity and Magnetism.[3]

Nikola Tesla ha rendite possibile le rete de transmission electric de longe distantia.

Le Universitate de Technologia de Darmstadt fundava le prime facultate de ingenieria electric in 1882. Antea, le electricitate ha essite considerate un sub-specialitate del physica. [4]

In 1882, Edison ha cliccate le button del prime rete electric a grande scala que forniva 110 volts DC (currente directe) a 59 clientes in Manhattan. In 1887, Nikola Tesla submitteva un numero de patentes de distribution de currente como AC (currente alternante). AC ha reimplaciate DC pro le generation e distribution de energia electric.

Le labor de Tesla in motor de induction e systema polyphase ha influentiate le specialitate pro le futuro, e Edison ha laborate in telegraphia e le compania de ille ha devenite General Electric. [5]

Disveloppamentos moderne[modificar | modificar fonte]

Emergentia de radio e electronica

In le experimentos classic de frequentia ultra-alte UHF de 1888, Heinrich Hertz ha transmittite e ha detegite undas radio usante equipamento electric. In 1895, Nikola Tesla ha facite transmissiones a un distantia de 80.4 km.[6]

Education[modificar | modificar fonte]

Ingenieros electric ha un grado academic con un major in ingenieria electric. Le longitude de studios es 5 annos.

Sub-disciplinas[modificar | modificar fonte]

Energia electric[modificar | modificar fonte]

Power pole.jpg

Power engineering

Control[modificar | modificar fonte]

Control systems play a critical role in space flight

Signal processing[modificar | modificar fonte]

A Bayer filter on a CCD requires signal processing to get a red, green, and blue value at each pixel

Instrumentation[modificar | modificar fonte]

Inenieria de instrumentation

Disciplines relationate[modificar | modificar fonte]

Mechatronics

Vide etiam[modificar | modificar fonte]

Patrono:Portalpar

Vide etiam:
Portal: Engineering

Patrono:Wikiversity

Referentias[modificar | modificar fonte]

  1. What is the difference between electrical and electronic engineering?. FAQs - Studying Electrical Engineering. Recuperate le 4 February 2005.
  2. Vaunt Design Group. (2005).Inventor Alessandro Volta Biography. Troy MI: The Great Idea Finder. Accessed 21 March 2008.
  3. Patrono:Cite encyclopedia
  4. Welcome to ECE!. Cornell University - School of Electrical and Computer Engineering. Recuperate le 29 December 2005.
  5. History. National Fire Protection Association (NFPA). Recuperate le 19 January 2006. (published 1996 in the NFPA Journal)
  6. Leland Anderson, "Nikola Tesla On His Work With Alternating Currents and Their Application to Wireless Telegraphy, Telephony, and Transmission of Power", Sun Publishing Company, LC 92-60482, ISBN 0-9632652-0-2 (ed. excerpts available online)

Notes

Note I - There are around 370,000 people working as computer hardware or electrical engineers in the United States constituting 0.24% of the labor force (2006).[1][2] In Australia, there are around 24,000 constituting 0.23% of the labour force (2005) and in Canada, there are around 34,600 constituting 0.21% of the labour force (2001). Australia and Canada also report that 96% and 89% of their electrical engineers respectively are male.[3][4]
  1. Electrical Engineers. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Recuperate le 2008-06-20.
  2. Work Experience of the Population in 2006. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Recuperate le 2008-06-20.
  3. Electrical and Electronics Engineers. Australian Careers. Recuperate le 27 August 2005.
  4. Electrical and Electronics Engineers (NOC 2133). Job Futures (National Edition). Recuperate le 27 August 2005.

Ligamines externe[modificar | modificar fonte]

Patrono:WVD

  • IEEE Virtual Museum A virtual museum that illustrates many of the basic electrical engineering and electricity concepts through examples, figures, and interviews.
  • MIT OpenCourseWare In-depth look at Electrical Engineering with online courses featuring video lectures.


Patrono:Academic degrees

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