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Gangrena

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Gangrena
instantia de: symptom or sign[*]
subclasse de: necrosis[*], cardiovascular system symptom[*]


Commons: Gangrene

Gangrena (ab grec, γάγγραινα gaggraina 'putrefaction'), es un morbo que eveni quando un parte satis grande del corpore es morte (necrose).[1][2]

Hoc pote occurrer post un vulnere o un infection.[2]

Le gangrena es causate per le decrescentia de fonte de sanguine (ischemia) ad affectate parte del corpore, inducente le morte del cellulas.[3]

Symptomas pote includer un cambiamento del color del pelle ad rubie o nigre, obdormition, tumefaction, dolor, ruptura et frigidura del pelle. Le extremitates del membros (pedes e manos) es generalmente affectate. Si la gangrena es causate per un agente infective, febre o septicemia pote occurer.[4]

Le diagnose del gangrena es basate sur le symptomas a appoiate per examines tal imagine medic.[5] Se pote distinguer gangrenas sic, humide, gasose, interne e le fascite necrosante.[6]

Le factors de risco include diabetes, maladia del arterias peripheric, fumar, major trauma, alcoholismo, SIDA, congelamento, influenza, dengue, malaria, varicella, peste, hypernatremia, irradiation, maladia meningococcal, infection per streptococco del gruppo B e syndroma de Raynaud.[3]

Referentias[modificar | modificar fonte]

  1. Porth, Carol (2007). Essentials of pathophysiology. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 41. ISBN 978-0-7817-7087-3. Recuperate le 2010-06-15. 
  2. 2,0 2,1 Gangrene – Introduction. NHS Health A–Z. NHS. Recuperate le 2010-06-15.
  3. 3,0 3,1 Gangrene – Causes. NHS Health A–Z. National Health Service (England) (13 October 2015).
  4. Gangrene Symptoms (13 October 2015).
  5. Gangrene Diagnosis (13 October 2015).
  6. "Necrotising fasciitis in the central part of the body: diagnosis, management and review of the literature." (August 2013). International Wound Journal 10 (4): 466–72. doi:10.1111/j.1742-481x.2012.01006.x. PMID 22694053. 
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