Josef Stalin

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Josef Stalin
JStalin Secretary general CCCP 1942.jpgStalin office.jpg
Sexo mascule
Nascentia 1879-12-09, 1878-12-06 (Gori)
Decesso 1953-03-05 (Kuntsevo Dacha)
Causa de decesso cerebrovascular disease[*], cerebral hemorrhage[*]
Loco de reposo Kremlin Wall Necropolis[*], Lenin's Mausoleum[*]
Supernomine Коба, Uncle Joe
Ethnicitate Georgian people[*], Ossetians[*]
Citatania Imperio Russe, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic[*], Union Sovietic
Educate in Tbilisi Theological Seminary[*], Q4144156[*]
Occupation politico[*], poeta[*], scriptor, revolutionario[*], soldato[*]
Partito politic Communist Party of the Soviet Union[*], Mesame Dasi[*], Russian Social Democratic Labour Party[*], Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (bolshevik)[*]
Religion atheismo
Conjuge Ekaterina Svanidze[*], Nadezhda Alliluyeva[*]
Infantes Yakov Dzhugashvili[*], Vasily Dzhugashvili[*], Svetlana Alliluyeva[*], Artem Sergeev[*]
Parentes matre Keke Geladze[*] patre Besarion Jughashvili[*]
Premios Order of Lenin[*], Medal "For the Victory over Japan"[*], Medal "For the Victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945"[*], Order of the Red Banner[*], Hero of Socialist Labour[*], Hero of the Soviet Union[*], Order of Victory[*], Order of Lenin[*], Order of the Red Banner[*], Jubilee Medal "XX Years of the Workers' and Peasants' Red Army"[*], Order of the Republic (Tuva)[*], Czechoslovak War Cross 1939-1945[*], Order of Suvorov, 1st class[*], Order of the Red Star[*], Medal "For the Defence of Moscow"[*], Order of the Red Banner[*], Order of Sukhbaatar[*], Czechoslovak War Cross 1939-1945[*], Order of the White Lion[*], Medal "For the Victory over Japan" of Mongolia[*], Medal "In Commemoration of the 800th Anniversary of Moscow"[*], Order of Sukhbaatar[*], Order of Lenin[*], Q4137459[*], Time Person of the Year[*], Time Person of the Year[*]
Lingua russo, Georgian[*]
Signatura Joseph Stalin Signature.svg
Identificatores
ISNI 0000 0001 2145 7825
VIAF 101787139
IMDB nm0821672
Commons Joseph Stalin

Josef Stalin, nascite Iosif Vissarionovič Džugašvili, russo: Иосиф Виссарионович Джугашвили (18 de decembre 18785 de martio 1953) esseva le Secretario General del Partito Communista de 1922 usque su morte in 1953. In le annos post le morte de Vladimir Lenin in 1924, ille se faceva le capite del Union Sovietic. Stalin initiava un economia commandate, reimplaciante le Nove Policia Economic del annos 1920 con su "Planos pro Cinque Annos" e initiava un era de industrialisation rapide e collectivisation economic.

In le annos 1930, Stalin initiava le Purga Magne (etiam cognoscite como le "Terror Magne"), un campania pro purgar le Partito Communista de gente accusate de sabotage, terrorismo, o traition; le purga tosto se extendeva al militar e al alteres sectores del societate sovietic. Le accusate frequentemente esseva executate, imprisionate in campos de labor (nominate gulag), e in le annos depost, milliones de personas de minoritates ethnic esseva deportate. Etiam, le tumulto del sector agricultural del economia del Union Sovietic causate per le economia planate causava fame extensive, notabilemente le fame catastrophic sovietic de 1932 e 1933 (cognoscite in Ukraina como le Holodomor).

Stalin esseva le capite del governamento del Union Sovietic quando in 1939 ille firmava le Pacto de Molotov-Ribbentrop, que securava le frontieras del est del Union Sovietic, facente possibile le invasiones tosto sequente de Polonia, Finlandia, le statos baltic, Bessarabia, e le nord de Bukovina. Quando Germania violava le pacto in 1941, le Union Sovietic jungeva le Alliatos e formava un rolo importante in le disfacta del Axe, con le plus grande costo human de tote le nationes in le guerra. Postea, Stalin contradiceva su dictos del conferentias alliate e installava governamentos communistic in le majoritate de Europa del est, formante un bloco. Iste bloco esseva un parte integral del "Cortina Ferric". Iste initiava un era de antagonismo antioccidental nominate le Guerra Frigide.

Stalin faceva effortios pro augmentar su imagine public, e iste effortios creava un culto de personalitate; ma su successor, Nikita Khruschchev, denunciava su legato e initiava le processo de "destalinisation" del Union Sovietic.