Mohamet ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi

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Mohamet ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi
1983 CPA 5426 (1).png
Sexo mascule
Nascentia Error de Lua in Module:Wikidata al linea 782: attempt to index field 'datavalue' (a nil value) (Khiva)
Decesso Error de Lua in Module:Wikidata al linea 782: attempt to index field 'datavalue' (a nil value) (Bagdad)
Citatania Califato Abbaside
Occupation mathematico, Astronomo, geographo[*], philosopho[*], traductor, astrologo[*], historico[*]
Obras notabile The Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing[*]
Religion Islam, Sunni Islam[*]
Lingua arabe
Identificatores
ISNI 0000 0001 2030 4018, 0000 0001 2141 6329, 0000 0004 5842 4420
VIAF 365144782982270357614, 84026875, 163750387
Commons Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi

Mohamet ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi (محمد بن موسى ابو جعفر الخوارزمي‎ - Muḥammad bin Mūsā Abū Ǧaʿfar al-Ḫawārazmī; c. 780 - c. 850) era un mathematico, astronomo, e geographo persian. Ille ha nate cerca a Khwarazm in Uzbekistan, que era parte del dynastia afrigid native[1], e ha morte c. 850. Ille laborava pro le majoritate de su vita como un erudito in le Cassa de Sagessa in Bagdad.

Su prime libro, le Libro Compendiose re Calculation per Completion e Balanciamento, scribite c. 820, era le prime libro re le solution systematic de equationes quadratic e linear. Consequentemente, ille es considerate ser le patre del algebra.[2]. In le seculo 12, su Arithmetic, que explicava le numeros arabe, era traducite al latino, exponite le systema positional decimal al mundo occidental. Ille era un del prime que usava zero pro marcar nulles in notation positional.[3] Le parola algorithmo se deriva de su nomine. Ille revideva e actualisava le Geographia de Ptolemeo, e scribeva plure obras re astronomia e astrologia.

Su libro non solmente es mathematic, sed linguistic. Le parola "algebra" se deriva del al-jabr, un del duo operationes usate pro solver equationes quadratic, como il es describite in su libro.

Referentias[modificar | modificar fonte]

  1. (anglese) C.E. Bosworth, “The Ghaznavids” in History of Civilization: Central Asia in History of Civilizations of Central Asia, Volume IV: The Age of Achievement : A.D. 750 to the End of the Fifteenth Century : Part One : The Historical Social and Economic Setting Editate per M.S. Asimov e C.E. Bosworth. Delhi, Motilal Banarsidass, 1999, 485 pp. (Vol. IV, Pt. I). ISBN 81-208-1595-5
  2. (anglese) Le Illumination Islamic
  3. (anglese) Summaria de Khwarizmi
Nota