Iosif Stalin

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Iosif Stalin
JStalin Secretary general CCCP 1942 flipped.jpgStalin office.jpgStalin Full Image.jpgIosif Stalin.jpg
Sexo mascule
Nascentia 1879-12-09, 1878-12-18 (Gori)
Decesso 1953-03-05 (Kuntsevo Dacha)
Causa de decesso poisoning[*], hemorrhagia cerebral[*]
Loco de reposo Lenin's Mausoleum[*], Kremlin Wall Necropolis[*]
Supernomine Коба, Uncle Joe
Ethnicitate Georgians[*], Ossetians[*]
Citatania Imperio Russe, Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic[*], Union Sovietic
Educate in Tbilisi Theological Seminary[*], Gori school[*]
Occupation politico[*], revolutionario[*], opinion journalist[*], poeta[*]
Partito politic Communist Party of the Soviet Union[*], Mesame Dasi[*], Russian Social Democratic Labour Party[*], Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (bolshevik)[*]
Religion atheismo
Conjuge Ekaterina Svanidze[*], Nadezhda Alliluyeva[*]
Infantes Yakov Dzhugashvili[*], Konstantin Kuzakov[*], unnamed infant Jughashvili[*], Alexander Davydov[*], Vasily Dzhugashvili[*], Artem Sergeev[*], Svetlana Alliluyeva[*]
Parentes matre Keke Geladze[*] patre Besarion Jughashvili[*]
Fratres/sorores Joseph Davrichachvili[*], Mikhail Jughashvili[*], Giorgi Jughashvili[*]
Premios Hero of the Soviet Union[*], Hero of Socialist Labour[*], Gold Star medal[*], "Hammer and Sickle" gold medal[*], Order of Victory[*], Order of Victory[*], Order of Lenin[*], Order of Lenin[*], Order of Lenin[*], Order of the Red Banner[*], Order of the Red Banner[*], Order of the Red Banner[*], Order of Suvorov, 1st class[*], Order of the Red Star[*], Medal "For the Defence of Moscow"[*], Medal "For the Victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945"[*], Medal "For the Victory over Japan"[*], Jubilee Medal "XX Years of the Workers' and Peasants' Red Army"[*], Medal "In Commemoration of the 800th Anniversary of Moscow"[*], Order of the Republic (Tuva)[*], Czechoslovak War Cross 1939–1945[*], Order of Sukhbaatar[*], Czechoslovak War Cross 1939–1945[*], Order of the White Lion[*], Order of Sukhbaatar[*], Hero of the Mongolian People's Republic[*], Medal "For the Victory over Japan" of Mongolia[*], Time Person of the Year[*], Time Person of the Year[*], Honorary citizen of Prague[*], Honorary citizenship of České Budějovice[*], Honorary citizen of Chrudim[*], Orders and Medals of Soviet Republics[*]
Lingua Georgian[*], russo, russo
Signatura Signature of Joseph Stalin.png
Identificatores
ISNI 0000 0001 2145 7825
VIAF 101787139
IMDB nm0821672
Commons Joseph Stalin

Iosif Stalin[1][2] (nascite Ioseb Besarionis Dze Jughašvili, იოსებ ბესარიონის ძე ჯუღაშვილი in georgiano; Iosif Vissarionovič Džugašvili, Ио́сиф Виссарио́нович Джугашви́ли in russo le 6 de decembre 1878 a Gori, in le actual Georgia e morte le 5 de martio 1953 a Moscova) esseva le Secretario General del Partito Communista de 1922 usque su morte in 1953. In le annos post le morte de Vladimir Lenin in 1924, ille se faceva le capite del Union Sovietic. Stalin initiava un economia commandate, reimplaciante le Nove Policia Economic del annos 1920 con su "Planos pro Cinque Annos" e initiava un era de industrialisation rapide e collectivisation economic.

In le annos 1930, Stalin initiava le Purga Magne (etiam cognoscite como le "Terror Magne"), un campania pro purgar le Partito Communista de gente accusate de sabotage, terrorismo, o traition; le purga tosto se extendeva al militar e al alteres sectores del societate sovietic. Le accusate frequentemente esseva executate, imprisionate in campos de labor (nominate gulag), e in le annos depost, milliones de personas de minoritates ethnic esseva deportate. Etiam, le tumulto del sector agricultural del economia del Union Sovietic causate per le economia planate causava fame extensive, notabilemente le fame catastrophic sovietic de 1932 e 1933 (cognoscite in Ukraina como le Holodomor).

Stalin esseva le capite del governamento del Union Sovietic quando in 1939 ille firmava le Pacto de Molotov-Ribbentrop, que securava le frontieras del est del Union Sovietic, facente possibile le invasiones tosto sequente de Polonia, Finlandia, le statos baltic, Bessarabia, e le nord de Bukovina. Quando Germania violava le pacto in 1941, le Union Sovietic jungeva le Alliatos e formava un rolo importante in le disfacta del Axe, con le plus grande costo human de tote le nationes in le guerra. Postea, Stalin contradiceva su dictos del conferentias alliate e installava governamentos communistic in le majoritate de Europa del est, formante un bloco. Iste bloco esseva un parte integral del "Cortina Ferric". Iste initiava un era de antagonismo antioccidental nominate le Guerra Frigide.

Stalin faceva effortios pro augmentar su imagine public, e iste effortios creava un culto de personalitate; ma su successor, Nikita Khruschchev, denunciava su legato e initiava le processo de "destalinisation" del Union Sovietic.

  1. etiam Josef o Joseph in varie publicationes
  2. Derivation: Entitates: 1. (it) Iosif Stalin || 2. (es) Iósif Stalin || (pt) Josef Stalin || 3. (fr) Joseph Staline || 4. (en) Joseph Stalin || Controlo: (de) Josef Stalin || (ru) Сталин, Иосиф Виссарионович || - (Extra): (la) Iosephus Stalin