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Homo habilis

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Wikipedia:Uso de taxobox
Homo habilis
Rango fossile: 2.3–1.65 Ma
Reconstruction de KNM-ER 1813 al Naturmuseum Senckenberg (en).
Reconstruction de KNM-ER 1813
al Naturmuseum Senckenberg (en).
Classification scientific
Dominio: Eukaryota
Regno: Animalia
Phylo: Chordata
Superclasse: Tetrapoda
Classe: Mammalia
Ordine: Primates
Familia: Hominidae
Subfamilia: Homininae
Tribo: Hominini
Subtribo: Hominina
Genere: Homo
Nomine binomial
Homo habilis
Leakey et al., 1964
Synonymia

Homo habilis es un specie del genere Homo, qui viveva in Africa del Est intra 2.3 e 1.5 milliones de anno.

Es le plus ancian specie classicamente attribuate al genere Homo (con Homo rudolfensis (en) qui poterea esser un synonymo). Le specie es qualificate de "habile" proque se pensava que esseva le prime hominin utilisante instrumentos. Depois, nos sape que Australopithecus o Paranthropus utilisava instrumentos un million de annos antea.[1][2][3]

Iste specie es describite in 1964 per Louis Leakey, Phillip Tobias e John Napier, post le discoperta in 1960 de prime fossiles in le sitio de Olduvai in Tanzania.

Del facto de su longevitate, Homo habilis cohabitava in Africa con species de Australopithecus e Paranthropus, plus primitive, e con su descendente plus evoluate: Homo ergaster.

Referentias[modificar fonte]

  1. "Evidence for stone-tool-assisted consumption of animal tissues before 3.39 million years ago at Dikika, Ethiopia" (August 2010). Nature 466 (7308): 857–860. doi:10.1038/nature09248. PMID 20703305. Bibcode2010Natur.466..857M. “The oldest direct evidence of stone tool manufacture comes from Gona (Ethiopia) and dates to between 2.6 and 2.5 million years (Myr) ago. [...] Here we report stone-tool-inflicted marks on bones found during recent survey work in Dikika, Ethiopia [... showing] unambiguous stone-tool cut marks for flesh removal [..., dated] to between 3.42 and 3.24 Myr ago [...] Our discovery extends by approximately 800,000 years the antiquity of stone tools and of stone-tool-assisted consumption of ungulates by hominins; furthermore, this behaviour can now be attributed to Australopithecus afarensis.” 
  2. Ces outils ont 3 millions d’années et n’auraient pas été fabriqués par nos ancêtres. Geo.
  3. Thomas W. Plummer et al. (2023-02-09). "Expanded geographic distribution and dietary strategies of the earliest Oldowan hominins and Paranthropus". Science 379: 561-566. doi:10.1126/science.abo7452.