Gorilla

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Gorilla
rango taxinomic: genere
taxon superior immediate: Gorillini, Hominidae
Lowland Gorilla (8973697544).jpg
ZL Gorilla (genus).png
Identificatores e ligamines
ID NCBI: 9592
ID EOL: 42003
ID ITIS: 572837
ID MSW: 12100787
Commons: Gorilla

Gorilla es un taxon.

Supertaxones[modificar | modificar fonte]

Description[modificar | modificar fonte]

Gorillas es le plus grande primate. Ille es un herbivore que inhabita le forestes del Africa. Gorillas es divide in duo species e 4 o 5 subspecies. Le ADN de gorillas es 98%–99% identic de human,[1] e illes es le plus vicinitate de hominees dopo de le due chimpanze species.

Gorillas vive in tropical o subtropical forestes. Le Gorilla Montan inhabite le montan forestes de Albertine Rift de Volcanes de Virunga, rangiar in altitude de 2225 to 4267 m. Le Gorillas del campo vive in forests dense de palude basse Que le nivello del mar.

Nomines[modificar | modificar fonte]

Le nomine es derivate de le parole grec Gorillai (un "tribe de feminas capillute") descriso de Hanno le Navigator, un Carthaginian navigator e un possible visitor (circa 480 BC) de le area que devenite Sierra Leone.[2]

Evolution[modificar | modificar fonte]

Le proxime relatives de gorillas es le chimpanzes e le homes, de que gorillas divergeva 7 million annos retro.[3]

Genes human differe 1.6% per media de le correspondente genes de gorilla in sequentia, ma existe multe differentias in cunata multe copias qualcun gene ha.[4]

Primatologistas continua a explorar le relation inter varie populationes de gorillas.[5] Le species e subspecies listate:

Subtaxones[modificar | modificar fonte]

Intelligentia[modificar | modificar fonte]

Skeleton of a gorilla

Gorillas es close relative de humanes e es considerate multe intelligent. In captiviate, un individos come Koko, ha aprendite le lingua de signos (vide lingua de animales pro discussion).

Extinction[modificar | modificar fonte]

Le species de gorilla es un specie in periculo de extinction. Conservation effortes include le Great Apes Survival Project, un partneriato intro Nationes Unite Programme de Ambiente e United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, e tamben un international tratato, le Agreement on the Conservation of Gorillas and Their Habitats, de UNEP Convention on Migratory Species. Le Gorilla Agreement es el primo instrument legal exclusivo pro Gorilla conservation e es in effecto de 1 June 2008.

Vide etiam[modificar | modificar fonte]

Referentias[modificar | modificar fonte]

  1. "Humans, chimpanzees, and gorillas are within two percentage points of one another genetically." Jonathan Marks. What It Really Means To Be 99% Chimpanzee. Recuperate le 2006-10-10.
  2. Müller, C. (1855-61). Geographici Graeci Minores, 1.1-14: text and trans. Ed, J. Blomqvist (1979). 
  3. Glazko GV, Nei M (March 2003). "Estimation of divergence times for major lineages of primate species". Mol. Biol. Evol. 20 (3): 424–34. PMID 12644563. 
  4. Goidts V, Armengol L, Schempp W, et al (March 2006). "Identification of large-scale human-specific copy number differences by inter-species array comparative genomic hybridization". Hum. Genet. 119 (1-2): 185–98. doi:10.1007/s00439-005-0130-9. PMID 16395594. 
  5. Groves, Colin (2002). "A history of gorilla taxonomy". Gorilla Biology: A Multidisciplinary Perspective, Andrea B. Taylor & Michele L. Goldsmith (editors): pp. 15–34. Cambridge University Press. doi:10.2277/0521792819. 
  6. Error de citation: Etiquetta <ref> invalide; nulle texto esseva fornite pro le refs nominate MSW3

Ligamentes externe[modificar | modificar fonte]