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Abuso sexual de infantes

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Le abuso sexual de infantes es un sorta de abuso in que un adulto o altere persona in controlo induce un infante a exequer qualcunque activitate sexual,[1] con inclusion de basiar e imbraciar.[2]

Le abuso sexual causa damnos emotional al infantes. Alicunes del effectos non se monstra immediatemente ma appare quando le infante ha adolescite. Iste effectos include le depression,[3] le disordine de stress post-traumatic,[4] anxietate,[5] un risco elevate de victimisation posterior,[6] e vulneres physic.[7] Le suicidio es un del effectos, victimas essente sex vices plus susceptibile a committer suicidio e octo vices plus susceptibile a tentar suicidio de plus in plus durante lor vita. Quando un infante es sexualmente abusate per un membro de familia, se tracta de "incesto," e causa trauma psychologic mesmo plus seriose e de longe termino, particularmente si le incesto es committite per un parente. [8] Le major parte ma non tote abuso sexual de infantes es committite per pedophilos, adultos qui es sexualmente attrahite a infantes plus que a adultos.[9]

Le abuso sexual de infantes non es rar. Circa un quarte parte de tote feminas e un decime parte de tote homines esseva sexualmente abusate durante lor infantia.[10][11][12][13][14] Le majoritate del victimas juvenil cognosce lor abusator. Circa un tertie parte del abuso sexual de infantes es committite per un membro de familia, super toto patres, oncles o cosinos. Solmente circa un decime parte de casos de abuso sexual de infantes esseva committite per estranieros, e le resto es altere personas que le infante cognosce como amicos del familia, babysitters, o vicinos. Le homines perpetra le major parte del abuso sexual de infantes; le feminas es le culpabiles in circa 10% del casos.[10]

Referentias[modificar | modificar fonte]

  1. Committee on Professional Practice and Standards (COPPS), Board of Professional Affairs (BPA), American Psychological Association (APA); Catherine Acuff, Ph.D.; Steven Bisbing, Ph.D.; Michael Gottlieb, Ph.D.; Lisa Grossman, Ph.D.; Jody Porter, Ph.D.; Richard Reichbart, Ph.D.; Steven Sparta, Ph.D.; and C. Eugene Walker, Ph.D (August 1999). "Guidelines for Psychological Evaluations in Child Protection Matters". American Psychologist 54 (8): 586 — 593. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.54.8.586. Recuperate le 2008-05-07. Lay summary – APA PsycNET (2008-05-07). “Abuse, sexual (child): generalmente definite como contactos inter un infante e un adulto o altere persona significantemente plus vetule o in un position de dominantia o controlo sur le infante, ubi le infante es usate pro stimulation sexual del adulto o altere persona.” 
  2. Martin, J., Anderson, J., Romans, S., et al. (1993). "Asking about child sexual abuse: methodological implications of a two-stage survey," Child Abuse and Neglect, 17, 383-392.
  3. Roosa M.W., Reinholtz C., Angelini P.J. (1999). "The relation of child sexual abuse and depression in young women: comparisons across four ethnic groups," Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 27(1):65-76.
  4. Widom, S.; Dumont K., Czaja, S. (2007). "A Prospective Investigation of Major Depressive Disorder and Comorbidity in Abused and Neglected Children Grown Up". Archives of General Psychiatry 64 (1): 49. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.64.1.49. ; lay summary
  5. Levitan, R. D., N. A. Rector, Sheldon, T., & Goering, P. (2003). "Childhood adversities associated with major depression and/or anxiety disorders in a community sample of Ontario: Issues of co-morbidity and specificity Archived 2020-03-05 at the Wayback Machine," Depression & Anxiety; 17, 34-42.
  6. Terri L. Messman-Moore & Patricia J. Long, "Child Sexual Abuse and Revictimization in the Form of Adult Sexual Abuse, Adult Physical Abuse, and Adult Psychological Maltreatment," 15 Journal of Interpersonal Violence 489 (2000).
  7. Dinwiddie S, Heath AC, Dunne MP, et al. (2000). "Early sexual abuse and lifetime psychopathology: a co-twin-control study." Psychological Medicine, 30:41–52
  8. Courtois, Christine A. (1988). Healing the Incest Wound: Adult Survivors in Therapy. W. W. Norton & Company, p208. ISBN 0393313565. 
  9. "A Profile of Pedophilia: Definition, Characteristics of Offenders, Recidivism, Treatment Outcomes, and Forensic Issues" . MAYO CLIN PROC 82:457-471 2007. MAYO FOUNDATION FOR MEDICAL EDUCATION AND RESEARCH. 
  10. 10,0 10,1 Julia Whealin, Ph.D. (May 22, 2007). Child Sexual Abuse. National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, US Department of Veterans Affairs. Archivo del original create le September 8, 2008. Recuperate le August 24, 2012.
  11. David Finkelhor (summer/fall 1994). "Current Information on the Scope and Nature of Child Sexual Abuse". The Future of Children (1994) 4(2): 31-53. 
  12. Crimes against Children Research Center
  13. Family Research Laboratory. Archivo del original create le 2012-09-03. Recuperate le 2012-08-24.
  14. "The prevalence of child sexual abuse: Integrative review adjustment for potential response and measurement biases" . Child Abuse & Neglect Volume 21, Issue 4, April 1997: pp391-398. Elsevier Science Ltd.. doi:10.1016/S0145-2134(96)00180-9. 

Ligamines externe[modificar | modificar fonte]

  • Waterman, Jill; Kelly, Robert J.; Oliveri, Mary Kay; and McCord, Jane (1993). Behind the Playground Walls - Sexual Abuse in Preschools. New York, London: The Guilford Press. ISBN 0-89862-523-8. 
  • Davis, Laura; Bass, Ellen (1994). The courage to heal: a guide for women survivors of child sexual abuse: featuring "Honoring the truth, a response to the backlash". New York: HarperPerennial. ISBN 0060950668. 
  • Lew, Mike. Victims No Longer (Second Edition) : The Classic Guide for Men Recovering from Sexual Child Abuse. Perennial Currents. ISBN 006053026X. 

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