John le Carré

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John le Carré
John le Carré cropped.jpg
Sexo mascule
Nascentia 1931-10-19 (Poole)
Decesso 2020-12-12 (Royal Cornwall Hospital)
Causa de decesso pneumonia[*]
Citatania Regno Unite
Educate in Lincoln College[*], Sherborne School[*], University of Bern[*], St Andrew's School, Pangbourne[*]
Occupation romancero[*], scenarista[*], productor de cinema[*], actor[*], spy[*]
Obras notabile Le spia qui veniva del frigida, Tinker, Tailor, Soldier, Spy[*], The Honourable Schoolboy[*], Smiley's People[*], The Constant Gardener[*], Call for the Dead[*], A Small Town in Germany[*], The Little Drummer Girl[*], The Mission Song[*], A Most Wanted Man[*], The Night Manager[*], Our Kind of Traitor[*], A Delicate Truth[*], The Tailor of Panama[*], Single & Single[*], Absolute Friends[*], The Looking Glass War[*], Our Game[*]
Infantes Nick Harkaway[*]
Parentes matre Olive Moore Cornwell[*]
Fratres/sorores Charlotte Cornwell[*], Rupert Cornwell[*]
Premios James Tait Black Memorial Prize[*], Edgar Award[*], Somerset Maugham Award[*], Martin Beck Award[*], Cartier Diamond Dagger[*], Helmerich Award[*], Dagger of Daggers[*], Goethe Medal[*], Honorary doctor at the University of Bern[*], Commandeur des Arts et des Lettres‎[*], Olof Palme Prize[*]
Lingua germano, francese, anglese
Signatura John le Carré signature.png
Sito http://www.johnlecarre.com/
Identificatores
ISNI 0000 0001 2284 048X, 0000 0003 6865 2534
VIAF 109254932
IMDB nm0494170
Commons John le Carré

David John Moore Cornwell (19 octobre 1931 - 12 decembre 2020), cognite per su nomine de penna John le Carré, era un autor britannic de romances de spionage.

Durante le decennios 1950 e 1960, ille laborava pro le secrete servicios de intelligentia britannic MI5 e MI6. Su tertie romance, The Spy Who Came in from the Cold (1963), deveniva un successo international e remane un de su obras plus ben cognite.

Post le successo de iste romance, ille quitava MI6 pro devenir un autor plen tempore. Su libros include The Looking Glass War (1965), Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy (1974), Smiley's People (1979), The Little Drummer Girl (1983), The Night Manager (1993), The Tailor of Panama (1996), The Constant Gardener (2001), A Most Wanted Man (2008), e Our Kind of Traitor (2010), omne del quales ha essite adaptate pro le cinema o television.

Romances[modificar | modificar fonte]

Le prime duo romances per Carré, Call for the Dead (1961) e A Murder of Quality (1962), es fiction mysteriose. In cata un le protagonista es un spion retirate, George Smiley, qui explora un morte; in le prime libro, le apparente suicidio de un communista suspecte, e in le secunde libro, un homicidio a un schola pro pueros. Ben que Call for the Dead evolve a in un conto de spionage, le motivos de Smiley es plus personal que politic.

Su tertie romance, The Spy Who Came in from the Cold (1963), deveniva un successo international; post su publication, ille quitava MI6 pro devenir un scriptor plen tempore. Ben que le Carré intendeva The Spy Who Came in from the Cold como un condemnation de spionage como moralmente compromisse, audientias reguardava le protagonista, Alec Leamas, como un heroe tragic. In responsa, le sequente libro per Carré, The Looking Glass War, era un satira super un mission de spionage mortifere que al fin es sin scopo.

Le major parte del libros per Carré es contos de spionage que eveni durante le Guerra Frigide (1945-1991).

Biographia[modificar | modificar fonte]

David John Moore Cornwell nasceva 19 octobre 1931 in Poole, Dorset, Anglaterra. Su patre era Ronald Thomas Archibald (Ronnie) Cornwell (1906-75), e su matre era Olive Moore Cornwell (n. Glassey, 1906). Su fratre plus vetule, Tony (1929-2017), era un executive de reclamo e jocator de cricket, qui habitava in le Statos Unite. Su medie soror plus juvene es le actrice Charlotte Cornwell, e su medie fratre plus juvene, Rupert Cornwell (1946-2017), era le chef de bureau in Washington pro le jornal The Independent. Su oncle era le parlamentario Liberal Alec Glassey.

Cornwell diceva que ille non cognosceva su matre, qui abandonava le al etate cinque annos, usque lor recognoscentia al etate 21 annos. Su patre era incarcerate pro fraude de assecurantia, era un consorte del geminos Kray, e era semper indebitate. Le relation patre-filio era difficile. Rick Pym, le patre de Magnus Pym, un fraudator in A Perfect Spy, era fundate sur Ronnie. Quando su patre moriva in 1975, Cornwell pagava un funere mais ille non assisteva lo.