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Internet del objectos

De Wikipedia, le encyclopedia libere

Le Internet del Objectos (IdO) es un systema de apparatos computante interrelatate, machinas mechanic e digital, objectos, animales o personas que es dotate de identificatores (UID) unic e le capacitate de transferer datos super un rete sin besonia de interaction human-a-human o human-a-computator.

Le definition de Internet del Objectos ha evolvite per le convergentia de plure technologias, analyse datos real-time, apprendimento automatic, commoditate sensores e systema(s) integrate.[1] Campos traditional de systema(s) integrate, rete(s) de sensores sin filo, systema(s) de controlo, automation (anque le domotica e le automation de edificio) e alteros, tote collabora al activation de Internet de Objectos

Historia[modificar | modificar fonte]

Le concepto de un rete de apparatos intelligente ha essite discutite desde 1982, con un distributor automatic de Coke modificate al Universitate Carnegie Mellon, que deveniva le prime apparato connexe a internet,[2] capace a signalar su inventario e si le bibitas justo cargate era o non frigide.[3]Documento del 1991 de Mark Weiser sur le apparatos computante ubique, "The Computer of the 21st Century", e sedes academic tal como UbiComp e PerCom ha producite le vision contemporanee del IdO.[4][5] In 1994, Reza Raji ha describite le concepto in IEEE Spectrum como "[displaciamento] de micre pacchettos de datos a un grande collection de nodos, in maniera de integrar e automatisar toto, ab le articulos de menage al integre fabricas".[6] Inter 1993 e 1997, plure companias ha proponite solutiones como at Work per Microsoft o NEST per Novell.

Applicationes[modificar | modificar fonte]

File:Nest Apprender Thermostat (retaliate).JPG
Un Nest apprender thermostat reporto de active energia uso e conditiones meteorologic local
File:Anello video doorbell.jpg
Un Anello doorbell connexe a internet
File:Augusto 2nd-gen intelligente lock.jpg
Un augusto Casa intelligente blocar connexe a internet

Le extensive configura de applicationes pro IoT apparatos es frequentemente dividite en spatios pro consummator, commercial, industrial e de infrastructura.

Applicationes pro consummatores[modificar | modificar fonte]

Un parte crescente del apparatos IdO es create pro usos del consummatores, assi como pro le connexivitate del vehiculos, le domotica, le technologia vestibile, connexivitate del salute e apparatos de telesurveliantia. [7]

Casa intelligente[modificar | modificar fonte]

Le apparatos IdO es un parte del plus grande concepto de automation de casa, que pote includer illumination, calefaction e climatisation, medios e systemas de securitate.[8][9] Beneficios a longe-tempore poterea includer le sparnio de energia per assecurar que automaticamente luce e electronica es extinguite.

Un casa intelligente o automatisate poterea esser basate sur un platteforma o cardines que controla objectos e apparatos intelligente.[10] Per exemplo, que usa HomeKit deApple manufacturers can have their home products and accessories controlled by an application in iOS devices such as the iPhone and the Apple Watch.[11][12] This could be a dedicated app or iOS native applications such as Siri.[13] This can be demonstrated in the case of Lenovo's Smart Home Essentials, which is a line of smart home devices that are controlled through Apple's Home app or Siri without the need for a Wi-Fi bridge.[13] There are also dedicated smart home hubs that are offered as standalone platforms to connect different smart home products and these include the Amazon Echo, Google Home, Apple's HomePod, and Samsung's SmartThings Hub.[14] In addition to the commercial systems, there are many non-proprietary, open source ecosystems; including Home Assistant, OpenHAB and Domoticz.[15][16]

Assistentia al seniores[modificar | modificar fonte]

Un application clave de un casa intelligente es fornir assistentia pro personas con invaliditate o ancian.These home systems use assistive technology to accommodate an owner's specific disabilities.[17] Voice control can assist users with sight and mobility limitations while alert systems can be connected directly to cochlear implants worn by hearing-impaired users.[18] They can also be equipped with additional safety features. These features can include sensors that monitor for medical emergencies such as falls or seizures.[19] Smart home technology applied in this way can provide users with more freedom and a higher quality of life.[17]

The term "Enterprise IoT" refers to devices used in business and corporate settings. By 2019, it is estimated that the EIoT will account for 9.1 billion devices.[20]

Applicationes commercial[modificar | modificar fonte]

Medic e cura del sanitate[modificar | modificar fonte]

Le Internet de Objectos Medic (IdOM), (alsi appellate le internet del objectos del salute), es un application del IdO pro propositos correlate medic e de salute, le collection de datos e analyse pro recerca e surveliantia.

  1. nomine="Linux Objectos"
  2. The "Only" Coke Machine on the Internet. Recuperate le 10 November 2014.
  3. "Internet of Things Done Wrong Stifles Innovation" (7 July 2014). InformationWeek. Recuperate le 10 November 2014. 
  4. "From the Internet of Computer to the Internet of Things" (2010). Informatik-Spektrum 33 (2): 107–121. doi:10.1007/s00287-010-0417-7. Bibcode2009InfSp..32..496H. Recuperate le 3 February 2014. 
  5. Weiser, Mark (1991). "The Computer for the 21st Century". Scientific American 265 (3): 94–104. doi:10.1038/scientificamerican0991-94. Bibcode1991SciAm.265c..94W. Recuperate le 5 November 2014.  Archived 11 martio 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  6. "Smart networks for control" (1994). IEEE Spectrum 31 (6): 49–55. doi:10.1109/6.284793. 
  7. "How IoT's are Changing the Fundamentals of "Retailing"", – Indian Business of Tech, Mobile & Startups (30 August 2016). Recuperate le 2 June 2017. 
  8. "An enhanced security framework for home appliances in smart home" (5 March 2017). Human-centric Computing and Information Sciences 7 (6). doi:10.1186/s13673-017-0087-4. 
  9. "How IoT & smart home automation will change the way we live", Business Insider. Recuperate le 10 November 2017. 
  10. Greengard, Samuel (2015). The Internet of Things. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 90. ISBN 9780262527736. 
  11. Inc., Apple. HomeKit – Apple Developer (anglese).
  12. Wollerton, Megan (3 June 2018). "Here's everything you need to know about Apple HomeKit" (in en), CNET. 
  13. 13,0 13,1 Lovejoy, Ben (31 August 2018). "HomeKit devices getting more affordable as Lenovo announces Smart Home Essentials line" (in en-US), 9to5Mac. 
  14. Prospero, Mike (12 September 2018). "Best Smart Home Hubs of 2018" (in en), Tom's Guide. 
  15. "What Smart Home IoT Platform Should You Use?", Hacker Noon (26 November 2018). Recuperate le 13 May 2019. 
  16. "6 open source home automation tools", (14 December 2017). Recuperate le 13 May 2019. 
  17. 17,0 17,1 "Technologies for an Aging Society: A Systematic Review of 'Smart Home' Applications" (2008). IMIA Yearbook of Medical Informatics 2008: 33–40. Recuperate le 27 October 2017.  Archived 28 octobre 2017 at the Wayback Machine
  18. (10 May 2016) Configurable ZigBee-based control system for people with multiple disabilities in smart homes, 1–5. doi:10.1109/ICCSII.2016.7462435. ISBN 978-1-4673-8743-9. 
  19. "Views of Caregivers on the Ethics of Assistive Technology Used for Home Surveillance of People Living with Dementia" (14 December 2017). Neuroethics 10 (2): 255–266. doi:10.1007/s12152-017-9305-z. PMID 28725288. PMC:5486509. 
  20. Error de citation: Etiquetta <ref> invalide; nulle texto esseva fornite pro le refs nominate Business Insider