Appendice:Lista de elementos chimic

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Lista de elementos chimic.

Nomine latin solo quando es differente del nomine in interlingua o del nomine IUPAC.

Numero Symbolo chimic Nomine Nomine latin Nomine IUPAC Massa atomic Densitate a 20 °C Puncto de fusion °C Puncto de ebullition °C anno de discoperta discoperitor
1 H Hydrogeno Hydrogenium Hydrogen 1,00794 g/mol 0,084 g/l -259,1 °C -252,9 °C 1766 Cavendish
2 He Helium Helium 4,002602 g/mol 0,17 g/l -272,2 °C -268,9 °C 1895 Ramsay e Cleve
3 Li Lithium Lithium 6,941 g/mol 0,53 g/cm3 180,5 °C 1317 °C 1817 Arfvedson
4 Be Beryllium Beryllium 9,012182 g/mol 1,85 g/cm3 1278 °C 2970 °C 1797 Vauquelin
5 B Boro Borum Boron 10,811 g/mol 2,46 g/cm3 2300 °C 2550 °C 1808 Davy e Gay-Lussac
6 C Carbon Carbonium Carbon 12,011 g/mol 3,51 g/cm3 3550 °C 4827 °C prehistoric incognite
7 N Nitrogeno Nitrogenium Nitrogen 14,00674 g/mol 1,17 g/l -209,9 °C -195,8 °C 1772 Rutherford
8 O Oxygeno Oxygenium Oxygen 15,9994 g/mol 1,33 g/l -218,4 °C -182,9 °C 1774 Priestley e Scheele
9 F Fluor Fluor 18,9984032 g/mol 1,58 g/l -219,6 °C -188,1 °C 1886 Moissan
10 Ne Neon Neon 20,1797 g/mol 0,84 g/l -248,7 °C -246,1 °C 1898 Ramsay e Travers
11 Na Natrium Natrium Sodium 22,989768 g/mol 0,97 g/cm3 97,8 °C 892 °C 1807 Davy
12 Mg Magnesium Magnesium 24,305 g/mol 1,74 g/cm3 648,8 °C 1107 °C 1755 Black
13 Al Aluminium Aluminium 26,981539 g/mol 2,70 g/cm3 660,5 °C 2467 °C 1825 Oersted
14 Si Silicium Silicium 28,0855 g/mol 2,33 g/cm3 1410 °C 2355 °C 1824 Berzelius
15 P Phosphoro Phosphorus Phosphorus 30,973762 g/mol 1,82 g/cm3 44 (P4) °C 280 (P4) °C 1669 Brandt
16 S Sulfure Sulphur Sulfur 32,066 g/mol 2,06 g/cm3 113 °C 444,7 °C prehistoric incognite
17 Cl Chloro Chlorum Chlorine 35,4527 g/mol 2,95 g/l -34,6 °C -101 °C 1774 Scheele
18 Ar Argon Argon 39,948 g/mol 1,66 g/l -189,4 °C -185,9 °C 1894 Ramsay e Rayleigh
19 K Kalium Kalium Potassium 39,0983 g/mol 0,86 g/cm3 63,7 °C 774 °C 1807 Davy
20 Ca Calcium Calcium 40,078 g/mol 1,54 g/cm3 839 °C 1487 °C 1808 Davy
21 Sc Scandium Scandium 44,95591 g/mol 2,99 g/cm3 1539 °C 2832 °C 1879 Nilson
22 Ti Titanium Titanium 47,88 g/mol 4,51 g/cm3 1660 °C 3260 °C 1791 Gregor e Klaproth
23 V Vanadium Vanadium 50,9415 g/mol 6,09 g/cm3 1890 °C 3380 °C 1801 del Rio
24 Cr Chromium Chromium 51,9961 g/mol 7,14 g/cm3 1857 °C 2482 °C 1797 Vauquelin
25 Mn Manganese Manganum Manganese 54,93805 g/mol 7,44 g/cm3 1244 °C 2097 °C 1774 Gahn
26 Fe Ferro Ferrum Iron 55,847 g/mol 7,87 g/cm3 1535 °C 2750 °C prehistoric incognite
27 Co Cobalt Cobaltum Cobalt 58,9332 g/mol 8,89 g/cm3 1495 °C 2870 °C 1735 Brandt
28 Ni Nickel Niccolum Nickel 58,69 g/mol 8,91 g/cm3 1453 °C 2732 °C 1751 Cronstedt
29 Cu Cupro Cuprum Copper 63,546 g/mol 8,92 g/cm3 1083,5 °C 2595 °C prehistoric incognite
30 Zn Zinc Zincum Zinc 65,39 g/mol 7,14 g/cm3 419,6 °C 907 °C prehistoric incognite
31 Ga Gallium Gallium 69,723 g/mol 5,91 g/cm3 29,8 °C 2403 °C 1875 Lecoq de Boiskaudran
32 Ge Germanium Germanium 72,61 g/mol 5,32 g/cm3 937,4 °C 2830 °C 1886 Winkler
33 As Arsenico Arsenicum Arsenic 74,92159 g/mol 5,72 g/cm3 613 °C 613 (sublimate) °C ca. 1250 Albertus Magnus
34 Se Selenium Selenium 78,96 g/mol 4,82 g/cm3 217 °C 685 °C 1817 Berzelius
35 Br Bromo Bromum Bromine 79,904 g/mol 3,14 g/cm3 -7,3 °C 58,8 °C 1826 Balard
36 Kr Krypton Krypton 83,8 g/mol 3,48 g/l -156,6 °C -152,3 °C 1898 Ramsay e Travers
37 Rb Rubidium Rubidium 85,4678 g/mol 1,53 g/cm3 39 °C 688 °C 1861 Bunsen e Kirchhoff
38 Sr Strontium Strontium 87,62 g/mol 2,63 g/cm3 769 °C 1384 °C 1790 Crawford
39 Y Yttrium Yttrium 88,90585 g/mol 4,47 g/cm3 1523 °C 3337 °C 1794 Gadolin
40 Zr Zirconium Zirconium 91,224 g/mol 6,51 g/cm3 1852 °C 4377 °C 1789 Klaproth
41 Nb Niobium Niobium 92,90638 g/mol 8,58 g/cm3 2468 °C 4927 °C 1801 Hatchet
42 Mo Molybdeno Molybdenum Molybdenum 95,94 g/mol 10,28 g/cm3 2617 °C 5560 °C 1778 Scheele
43 Tc Technetium Technetium 98,9063 g/mol 11,49 g/cm3 2172 °C 5030 °C 1937 Perrier and Segrè
44 Ru Ruthenium Ruthenium 101,07 g/mol 12,45 g/cm3 2310 °C 3900 °C 1844 Claus
45 Rh Rhodium Rhodium 102,9055 g/mol 12,41 g/cm3 1966 °C 3727 °C 1803 Wollaston
46 Pd Palladium Palladium 106,42 g/mol 12,02 g/cm3 1552 °C 3140 °C 1803 Wollaston
47 Ag Argento Argentum Silver 107,8682 g/mol 10,49 g/cm3 961,9 °C 2212 °C prehistoric incognite
48 Cd Cadmium Cadmium 112,411 g/mol 8,64 g/cm3 321 °C 765 °C 1817 Stromeyer e Hermann
49 In Indium Indium 114,82 g/mol 7,31 g/cm3 156,2 °C 2080 °C 1863 Reich e Richter
50 Sn Stanno Stannum Tin 118,71 g/mol 7,29 g/cm3 232 °C 2270 °C prehistoric incognite
51 Sb Stibium Stibium Antimony 121,75 g/mol 6,69 g/cm3 630,7 °C 1750 °C prehistoric incognite
52 Te Tellurium Tellurium 127,6 g/mol 6,25 g/cm3 449,6 °C 990 °C 1782 von Reichenstein
53 I Iodo Iodum Iodine 126,90447 g/mol 4,94 g/cm3 113,5 °C 184,4 °C 1811 Courtois
54 Xe Xenon Xenon 131,29 g/mol 4,49 g/l -111,9 °C -107 °C 1898 Ramsay e Travers
55 Cs Cesium Cesium 132,90543 g/mol 1,90 g/cm3 28,4 °C 690 °C 1860 Kirchhoff e Bunsen
56 Ba Barium Barium 137,327 g/mol 3,65 g/cm3 725 °C 1640 °C 1808 Davy
57 La Lanthano Lanthanum Lanthanum 138,9055 g/mol 6,16 g/cm3 920 °C 3454 °C 1839 Mosander
58 Ce Cerium Cerium 140,115 g/mol 6,77 g/cm3 798 °C 3257 °C 1803 von Hisinger e Berzelius
59 Pr Praseodymium Praseodymium 140,90765 g/mol 6,48 g/cm3 931 °C 3212 °C 1895 von Welsbach
60 Nd Neodymium Neodymium 144,24 g/mol 7,00 g/cm3 1010 °C 3127 °C 1895 von Welsbach
61 Pm Promethium Promethium 146,9151 g/mol 7,22 g/cm3 1080 °C 2730 °C 1945 Marinsky e Glendenin
62 Sm Samarium Samarium 150,36 g/mol 7,54 g/cm3 1072 °C 1778 °C 1879 Lecoq de Boisbaudran
63 Eu Europium Europium 151,965 g/mol 5,25 g/cm3 822 °C 1597 °C 1901 Demaçay
64 Gd Gadolinium Gadolinium 157,25 g/mol 7,89 g/cm3 1311 °C 3233 °C 1880 de Marignac
65 Tb Terbium Terbium 158,92534 g/mol 8,25 g/cm3 1360 °C 3041 °C 1843 Mosander
66 Dy Dysprosium Dysprosium 162,5 g/mol 8,56 g/cm3 1409 °C 2335 °C 1886 Lecoq de Boisbaudran
67 Ho Holmium Holmium 164,93032 g/mol 8,78 g/cm3 1470 °C 2720 °C 1878 Soret
68 Er Erbium Erbium 167,26 g/mol 9,05 g/cm3 1522 °C 2510 °C 1842 Mosander
69 Tm Thulium Thulium 168,93421 g/mol 9,32 g/cm3 1545 °C 1727 °C 1879 Cleve
70 Yb Ytterbium Ytterbium 173,04 g/mol 6,97 g/cm3 824 °C 1193 °C 1878 de Marignac
71 Lu Lutetium Lutetium 174,967 g/mol 9,84 g/cm3 1656 °C 3315 °C 1907 Urbain
72 Hf Hafnium Hafnium 178,49 g/mol 13,31 g/cm3 2150 °C 5400 °C 1923 Coster e vón Hevesy
73 Ta Tantalo Tantalum Tantalum 180,9479 g/mol 16,68 g/cm3 2996 °C 5425 °C 1802 Ekeberg
74 W Tungsten Wolframium Tungsten 183,85 g/mol 19,26 g/cm3 3407 °C 5927 °C 1783 Gebrüder de Elhuyar
75 Re Rhenium Rhenium 186,207 g/mol 21,03 g/cm3 3180 °C 5627 °C 1925 Noddack, Tacke e Berg
76 Os Osmium Osmium 190,2 g/mol 22,61 g/cm3 3045 °C 5027 °C 1803 Tenant
77 Ir Iridium Iridium 192,22 g/mol 22,65 g/cm3 2410 °C 4130 °C 1803 Tenant e alteres
78 Pt Platino Platinum Platinum 195,08 g/mol 21,45 g/cm3 1772 °C 3827 °C 1557 Scaliger
79 Au Auro Aurum Gold 196,96654 g/mol 19,32 g/cm3 1064,4 °C 2940 °C prehistoric incognite
80 Hg Mercurio Hydrargyrum Mercury 200,59 g/mol 13,55 g/cm3 -38,9 °C 356,6 °C prehistoric incognite
81 Tl Thallium Thallium 204,3833 g/mol 11,85 g/cm3 303,6 °C 1457 °C 1861 Crookes
82 Pb Plumbo Plumbum Lead 207,2 g/mol 11,34 g/cm3 327,5 °C 1740 °C prehistoric incognite
83 Bi Bismuth Bisemutum Bismuth 208,98037 g/mol 9,80 g/cm3 271,4 °C 1560 °C 1540 Agricola
84 Po Polonium Polonium 208,9824 g/mol 9,20 g/cm3 254 °C 962 °C 1898 Marie e Pierre Curie
85 At Astato Astatum Astatine 209,9871 g/mol 302 °C 337 °C 1940 Corson e MacKenzie
86 Rn Radon Radon 222,0176 g/mol 9,23 g/l -71 °C -61,8 °C 1900 Dorn
87 Fr Francium Francium 223,0197 g/mol 27 °C 677 °C 1939 Perey
88 Ra Radium Radium 226,0254 g/mol 5,50 g/cm3 700 °C 1140 °C 1898 Marie e Pierre Curie
89 Ac Actinium Actinium 227,0278 g/mol 10,07 g/cm3 1047 °C 3197 °C 1899 Debierne
90 Th Thorium Thorium 232,0381 g/mol 11,72 g/cm3 1750 °C 4787 °C 1829 Berzelius
91 Pa Protactinium Protactinium 231,0359 g/mol 15,37 g/cm3 1554 °C 4030 °C 1917 Soddy, Cranston e Hahn
92 U Uranium Uranium 238,0289 g/mol 18,97 g/cm3 1132,4 °C 3818 °C 1789 Klaproth
93 Np Neptunium Neptunium 237,0482 g/mol 20,48 g/cm3 640 °C 3902 °C 1940 McMillan and Abelson
94 Pu Plutonium Plutonium 244,0642 g/mol 19,74 g/cm3 641 °C 3327 °C 1940 Seaborg
95 Am Americium Americium 243,0614 g/mol 13,67 g/cm3 994 °C 2607 °C 1944 Seaborg
96 Cm Curium Curium 247,0703 g/mol 13,51 g/cm3 1340 °C 1944 Seaborg
97 Bk Berkelium Berkelium 247,0703 g/mol 13,25 g/cm3 986 °C 1949 Seaborg
98 Cf Californium Californium 251,0796 g/mol 15,1 g/cm3 900 °C 1950 Seaborg
99 Es Einsteinium Einsteinium 252,0829 g/mol 860 °C 1952 Seaborg
100 Fm Fermium Fermium 257,0951 g/mol 1952 Seaborg
101 Md Mendelevium Mendelevium 258,0986 g/mol 1955 Seaborg
102 No Nobelium Nobelium 259,1009 g/mol 1958 Seaborg
103 Lr Lawrencium Lawrencium 260,1053 g/mol 1961 Ghiorso
104 Rf Rutherfordium Rutherfordium 261,1087 g/mol 1964/69 Flerow o Ghiorso
105 Db Dubnium Dubnium 262,1138 g/mol 1967/70 Flerow o Ghiorso
106 Sg Seaborgium Seaborgium 263,1182 g/mol 1974 Oganessian
107 Bh Bohrium Bohrium 262,1229 g/mol 1976 Oganessian
108 Hs Hassium Hassium 265 g/mol 1984 Society for Heavy Ion Research
109 Mt Meitnerium Meitnerium 266 g/mol 1982 Society for Heavy Ion Research
110 Ds Darmstadtium Darmstadtium 269 g/mol 1994 Society for Heavy Ion Research
111 Rg Roentgenium Roentgenium 272 g/mol 1994 Society for Heavy Ion Research
112 Uub Ununbium Ununbium 277 g/mol 1996 Society for Heavy Ion Research
113 Uut Ununtrium Ununtrium
114 Uuq Ununquadium Ununquadium
115 Uup Ununpentium Ununpentium
116 Uuh Ununhexium Ununhexium
117 Uus Ununseptium Ununseptium
118 Uuo Ununoctium Ununoctium