Abuso sexual de infantes

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Abuso sexual de infantes es un sorta de abuso de infantes quando un adulto o alicuno altere in controlo face un infante facer qualcunque sorta de activitates sexual,[1] includente basiar e imbraciar.[2]

Abuso sexual face damno emotional a infantes. Alicun del effectos non monstra jam, e appare quando le infante ha adolescite. Iste effectos include depression,[3] post-traumatic stress disorder,[4] anxiety,[5] un hazardo plus alte de abuso posterior,[6] e injuria physic.[7] Suicidio es un del effectos con victimas essente sex vices plus verisimile a committer suicidio e octo vices plus verisimile a attentar suicidio plus e plus de nove per lor vitas. Quando un infante es sexualmente abusate per un membro de familia, il es appellate "incesto," e causa mesmo plus seriose de longe termino trauma psychologic, specialmente quando le incesto es facite per un parente. [8] Major parte ma non tote abuso sexual de infantes es committite per pedophilo, adultos qui es sexualmente attrahite a infantes plus que a adultos.[9]

Abuso sexual de infantes non es rar. Circa un quarte parte de tote feminas e un decime parte de tote viros esseva sexualmente abusate quando illos esseva infantes.[10][11][12][13][14] For major parte infantes qui es sexualmente abusate, le persona qui abusava los es alicuno que illos cognosce. Circa un tertie parte de abuso sexual de infantes es per un relative del infante, major parte saepe patres, oncles o cosinos. Solmente circa un decime parte de casos de abuso sexual de infantes esseva abusate per stranieros, e le resto es altere personas qui le infante cognosce como amicos del familia, babysitters, o vicines. Viros es le offensors in major parte abuso sexual de infantes; feminas es le offensors in circa 10% del casos.[10]

Referentias[modificar | modificar fonte]

  1. Committee on Professional Practice and Standards (COPPS), Board of Professional Affairs (BPA), American Psychological Association (APA); Catherine Acuff, Ph.D.; Steven Bisbing, Ph.D.; Michael Gottlieb, Ph.D.; Lisa Grossman, Ph.D.; Jody Porter, Ph.D.; Richard Reichbart, Ph.D.; Steven Sparta, Ph.D.; and C. Eugene Walker, Ph.D (August 1999). "Guidelines for Psychological Evaluations in Child Protection Matters". American Psychologist 54 (8): 586 — 593. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.54.8.586. Recuperate le 2008-05-07. Lay summary – APA PsycNET (2008-05-07). “Abuse, sexual (child): generalmente definite como contactos inter un infante e un adulto o altere persona significantemente plus vetule o in un position de poter o controlo supra le infante, ubi le infante es essente usate pro stimulation sexual del adulto o altere persona.” 
  2. Martin, J., Anderson, J., Romans, S., et al. (1993). "Asking about child sexual abuse: methodological implications of a two-stage survey," Child Abuse and Neglect, 17, 383-392.
  3. Roosa M.W., Reinholtz C., Angelini P.J. (1999). "The relation of child sexual abuse and depression in young women: comparisons across four ethnic groups," Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 27(1):65-76.
  4. Widom, S.; Dumont K., Czaja, S. (2007). "A Prospective Investigation of Major Depressive Disorder and Comorbidity in Abused and Neglected Children Grown Up". Archives of General Psychiatry 64 (1): 49. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.64.1.49. ; lay summary
  5. Levitan, R. D., N. A. Rector, Sheldon, T., & Goering, P. (2003). "Childhood adversities associated with major depression and/or anxiety disorders in a community sample of Ontario: Issues of co-morbidity and specificity," Depression & Anxiety; 17, 34-42.
  6. Terri L. Messman-Moore & Patricia J. Long, "Child Sexual Abuse and Revictimization in the Form of Adult Sexual Abuse, Adult Physical Abuse, and Adult Psychological Maltreatment," 15 Journal of Interpersonal Violence 489 (2000).
  7. Dinwiddie S, Heath AC, Dunne MP, et al. (2000). "Early sexual abuse and lifetime psychopathology: a co-twin-control study." Psychological Medicine, 30:41–52
  8. Courtois, Christine A. (1988). Healing the Incest Wound: Adult Survivors in Therapy. W. W. Norton & Company, p208. ISBN 0393313565. 
  9. "A Profile of Pedophilia: Definition, Characteristics of Offenders, Recidivism, Treatment Outcomes, and Forensic Issues" . MAYO CLIN PROC 82:457-471 2007. MAYO FOUNDATION FOR MEDICAL EDUCATION AND RESEARCH. 
  10. 10,0 10,1 Julia Whealin, Ph.D. (May 22, 2007). Child Sexual Abuse. National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, US Department of Veterans Affairs.
  11. David Finkelhor (summer/fall 1994). "Current Information on the Scope and Nature of Child Sexual Abuse". The Future of Children (1994) 4(2): 31-53. 
  12. Crimes against Children Research Center
  13. Family Research Laboratory
  14. "The prevalence of child sexual abuse: Integrative review adjustment for potential response and measurement biases" . Child Abuse & Neglect Volume 21, Issue 4, April 1997: pp391-398. Elsevier Science Ltd.. doi:10.1016/S0145-2134(96)00180-9. 

Ligamines externe[modificar | modificar fonte]

  • Waterman, Jill; Kelly, Robert J.; Oliveri, Mary Kay; and McCord, Jane (1993). Behind the Playground Walls - Sexual Abuse in Preschools. New York, London: The Guilford Press. ISBN 0-89862-523-8. 
  • Davis, Laura; Bass, Ellen (1994). The courage to heal: a guide for women survivors of child sexual abuse: featuring "Honoring the truth, a response to the backlash". New York: HarperPerennial. ISBN 0060950668. 
  • Lew, Mike. Victims No Longer (Second Edition) : The Classic Guide for Men Recovering from Sexual Child Abuse. Perennial Currents. ISBN 006053026X. 

Articulos publicate[modificar | modificar fonte]

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Iste articulo es un traduction a completar ab le Wikipedia in anglese simple, articulo Child sexual abuse