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Appendice:Lista de classes de phonos

De Wikipedia, le encyclopedia libere
Lista de classes de phonos
instantia de: lista de un projecto de Wikimedia[*]
Nota
Nota
item label subclasse de IPA transcription X-SAMPA code audio imagine description
Q1003273 Bukkal liquid consonant
Q15917006 Chinese syllable structure syllable
Q17177472 E caduc vocal
Q121301347 Finnic back vowel vocal
Q121301348 Finnic front vowel vocal
Q121301359 Finnic neutral vowel vocal
Q1162426 Hungarian vowels vocal
Q11268869 Japanese long vowels vocal
Q65328038 Korean fortis consonant consonante
Q1348769 Media plosive consonant
Q1288899 Muta plosive consonant
Q843029 R-colored vowel vocal
Q13097120 Silabik syllable
Q2285687 Silbengelenk consonante
Q13216955 Son GN consonante nasal
Q13216953 Son UN consonante nasal
Q16765177 Středová zadní zaokrouhlená samohláska vocal
Q3506879 Syllabe en mandarin syllable
Q21087499 Síl·laba tònica syllable
Q120531440 Vibrante simple lateral palatal lateral consonant
consonante palatal
Q20968728 Vietnamese vowels vocal
Q85982206 Voiced dental sibilant consonante sonante
dental consonant
sibilant consonant
Q97179730 Voyelle ouverte postérieure non arrondie nasale unrounded vowel
open vowel
nasal vowel
ɑ̃
Q17582 affricate consonant consonante
Q146863 allophone phonema[1]
phono
linguistic variable
Q196190 alveolar click consonant click consonant
consonante alveolar
ǃ !\
Q1658329 alveolar ejective consonante alveolar
consonante ejective
Q17080484 alveolar ejective affricate consonante alveolar
consonante ejective
affricate consonant
consonante surde
oral consonant
central consonant
tsʼ
t͡sʼ
Q2421021 alveolar ejective fricative consonante alveolar
consonante ejective
fricative consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
sibilant consonant
consonante surde
s_>
Q122810382 alveolar ejective trill consonante alveolar
consonante ejective
trill consonant
Q1806900 alveolar lateral click consonant click consonant
lateral consonant
ǁ \|\
Q4737948 alveolar lateral ejective affricate consonante alveolar
lateral consonant
consonante ejective
affricate consonant
consonante surde
oral consonant
tɬʼ
t͡ɬʼ
ƛ’
Q4737947 alveolar lateral ejective fricative consonante alveolar
lateral consonant
consonante ejective
fricative consonant
consonante surde
oral consonant
ɬʼ
Q4737950 alveolar lateral nasal click consonante alveolar
lateral consonant
consonante nasal
click consonant
consonante nasal alveolar
Q4737952 alveolar nasal click consonante nasal alveolar
click consonant
consonante alveolar
consonante nasal
ǃ̃
ᵑǃ
ʗ̃
ᵑʗ
Q4737960 alveolar stop plosive consonant
consonante alveolar
Q448789 alveolo-palatal consonant consonante
Q122209731 alveolo-palatal ejective affricate alveolo-palatal consonant
consonante ejective
affricate consonant
Q2994696 alveolo-palatal ejective fricative alveolo-palatal consonant
consonante surde
fricative consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
consonante ejective
ɕʼ
Q116953045 antepenult syllable
Q28153713 anterior consonant consonante
Q618621 apical consonant coronal consonant
Q51606 approximant consonant consonante[1]
Q109346538 aproximante lateral retrofleja sorda lateral consonant
consonante retroflexe
approximant consonant
Q737464 aspirata consonante
Q320433 aspirated consonant consonante
Q763608 aspirated voiceless bilabial plosive consonante surde
consonante bilabial
plosive consonant
occlusive consonant
oral consonant
pulmonic consonant
Q24074479 closing diphthong aI
Q24206660 closing diphthong[2] aU
Q24206623 back closing diphthong closing diphthong[3]
Q121455331 back rounded vowel back vowel
rounded vowel
Q121455330 back unrounded vowel back vowel
unrounded vowel
Q853589 back vowel vocal
Q25345847 back-released velar click click consonant
consonante velar
ʞ
Q2917875 bidental consonant consonante
Q101263580 bidental percussive bidental consonant
percussive consonant
ʭ
Q2746092 bilabial approximant consonante bilabial
approximant consonant
Q860286 bilabial click click consonant
consonante bilabial
ʘ O\
Q2579777 bilabial ejective consonante bilabial
consonante ejective
p_>
Q30632410 bilabial ejective fricative consonante bilabial
consonante ejective
fricative consonant
Q4907485 bilabial fricative consonante bilabial
fricative consonant
Q4907486 bilabial nasal click consonante bilabial
consonante nasal
click consonant
Q30835686 bilabial percussive percussive consonant
consonante bilabial
Q4907487 bilabial plosive consonante bilabial
plosive consonant
Q19773200 bilabial trill consonante bilabial
trill consonant
Q893304 cardinal vowel vocal[1]
Q24206627 centering diphthong diphthong[4]
Q1851269 central consonant consonante
Q190885 central vowel vocal
Q427013 click consonant non-pulmonic consonant
Q7888719 close back compressed vowel close vowel
back vowel
ɯ̫
Q29653 close back rounded vowel close vowel
back vowel
rounded vowel
high rounded back vowel
u u
Q874985 close back unrounded vowel close vowel
back vowel
unrounded vowel
ɯ M
Q874976 close central rounded vowel close vowel
central vowel
rounded vowel
ʉ }
Q598968 close central unrounded vowel close vowel
central vowel
unrounded vowel
ɨ 1
Q740728 close front rounded vowel close vowel
front vowel
rounded vowel
y y
Q320021 close front unrounded vowel close vowel
front vowel
unrounded vowel
i i
Q815839 close vowel high vowel
Q862579 close-mid back rounded vowel close-mid vowel
back vowel
rounded vowel
high rounded back vowel
o o
Q909114 close-mid back unrounded vowel close-mid vowel
back vowel
unrounded vowel
ɤ 7
Q908327 close-mid central rounded vowel close-mid vowel
central vowel
rounded vowel
ɵ 8
Q1070044 close-mid central unrounded vowel close-mid vowel
central vowel
unrounded vowel
ɘ @\
Q118519 close-mid front rounded vowel close-mid vowel
front vowel
rounded vowel
ø 2
Q734206 close-mid front unrounded vowel close-mid vowel
front vowel
unrounded vowel
e e
Q1759170 close-mid vowel high vowel
Q25495380 closed syllable syllable
Q24206615 closing diphthong diphthong[3]
Q2374953 co-articulated consonant consonante
Q38035 consonante phono
Q49749 consonante alveolar consonante
coronal consonant
◌͇[5]
consonante
Q146878 consonante bilabial consonante
Q827454 consonante ejective non-pulmonic consonant
Q652116 consonante flap consonante
flaps, trills, and retroflex lateral
Q234538 consonante glottal consonante consonante
Q208751 consonante labiodental consonante
Q51593 consonante nasal consonante[1]
occlusive consonant
Q13399293 consonante nasal alveolar consonante nasal
consonante alveolar
consonante
Q13399237 consonante nasal bilabial consonante nasal
consonante bilabial
consonante
Q201817 consonante nasal bilabial sonante consonante sonante
consonante bilabial
consonante nasal
consonante nasal bilabial
pulmonic consonant
occlusive consonant
sonorant
m m
consonante
Q7939642 consonante nasal bilabial surde consonante surde
consonante bilabial
consonante nasal
pulmonic consonant
occlusive consonant
m_0
consonante
Q24330315 consonante nasal retroflexe consonante retroflexe
consonante nasal
consonante
Q7939653 consonante nasal retroflexe surde consonante surde
consonante retroflexe
consonante nasal
pulmonic consonant
occlusive consonant
ɳ̊
ɳ̥
n`_0 consonante
Q231978 consonante palatal dorsal consonant
consonante
Q267753 consonante retroflexe consonante
consonante
Q19773206 consonante sonante consonante consonante producite con vibration del chordas vocal
Q19773264 consonante surde consonante consonante producite sin vibration del chordas vocal
Q19408 consonante velar consonante
dorsal consonant
consonante
Q2472788 continuant phono
Q866449 coronal consonant consonante
Q25347201 coronal–velar consonant consonante velar
Q122056343 creaky-voiced bilabial nasal consonante bilabial
consonante nasal
Q25345851 creaky-voiced glottal approximant consonante glottal
approximant consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
creaky voice
ʔ̞
ʔ̰
Q2925746 custos syllable
Q956506 dental click click consonant
dental consonant
ǀ \
Q120443 dental consonant consonante
coronal consonant
Q2994712 dental ejective dental consonant
consonante ejective
Q30632412 dental ejective affricate dental consonant
consonante ejective
affricate consonant
t̪͡θʼ
Q5259415 dental ejective fricative dental consonant
consonante ejective
fricative consonant
consonante surde
oral consonant
central consonant
θʼ
Q1377956 dental fricative dental consonant
fricative consonant
Q1401472 dental nasal dental consonant
consonante nasal
consonante sonante
occlusive consonant
Q16256521 dental nasal click consonante nasal
click consonant
Q5259437 dental stop plosive consonant
dental consonant
Q5259474 denti-alveolar consonant consonante
Q5259575 dentolabial consonant consonante
Q5260927 depressor consonant consonante
Q102532 diphthong phono
adjacent
Q24206687 diphthongs in the English language diphthong
Q3711906 dittongo mobile diphthong
Q1057396 dorsal consonant consonante
Q3655585 doubly articulated consonant consonante
co-articulated consonant
Q5332766 echo vowel vocal
Q1299085 egressive sound phono ↑◌
Q1814973 eindlettergreep syllable
Q5350115 ejective-contour click click consonant
Q1837296 emfatische medeklinker emphatic consonant
Q920360 emphatic consonant obstruent
Q106542541 epiglottal approximant epiglottal consonant
approximant consonant
Q907875 epiglottal consonant consonante
Q25347193 epiglottal ejective epiglottal consonant
consonante ejective
consonante surde
oral consonant
occlusive consonant
central consonant
ʡʼ >\_>
Q10486223 epiglottal fricative fricative consonant
epiglottal consonant
Q3849613 epiglotto-pharyngeal consonant consonante
Q24206666 centering diphthong[2] e@
Q24206643 closing diphthong[2] eI
Q2361304 final Chinese syllable structure
Q121084667 flaps, trills, and retroflex lateral consonante
Q12714684 flikk consonante
Q3554780 free variation phonema
phono
linguistic variation
Q31427 fricative consonant consonante[1]
Q24206619 front closing diphthong closing diphthong[3]
Q5505896 front rounded vowel front vowel
rounded vowel
Q121455329 front unrounded vowel front vowel
unrounded vowel
Q5505949 front vowel vocal
Q5571991 glottal fricative consonante glottal
fricative consonant
Q178034 glottal stop plosive consonant
consonante surde
consonante glottal
pulmonic consonant
occlusive consonant
ʔ ?
Q4026169 glottalic consonant consonante[1]
Q5571993 glottalized click click consonant
Q1534578 guttural consonante
Q124327712 high front vowel high vowel
front vowel
Q118611885 high rounded back vowel rounded vowel
back vowel
high vowel
Q118611785 high vowel vocal
Q5891600 homorganic consonant consonante
Q849417 implosive consonant non-pulmonic consonant
Q47012331 impossible consonant consonante
Q1663284 ingressive sound phono
Q1404061 inherent vowel vocal
Q121301466 initial consonant consonante
initial
Q121301470 initial vowel vocal
initial
Q1665967 interdental consonant consonante
coronal consonant
Q6057441 intervocalic consonant consonante
Q10884035 jiemu semivowel
Q6467041 labial approximant labial consonant
approximant consonant
Q1127209 labial consonant consonante
Q1147016 labialization co-articulated consonant
secondary articulation
ʷ
Q19773274 labialized consonant consonante
Q17142951 labialized velar consonant labialized consonant
consonante velar
Q6467053 labialized voiced labiodental fricative labialized consonant
consonante sonante
consonante labiodental
fricative consonant
Q6467054 labialized voiceless palato-alveolar affricate labialized consonant
consonante surde
palato-alveolar consonant
affricate consonant
Q6467055 labialized voiceless pharyngeal fricative labialized consonant
pharyngeal consonant
fricative consonant
consonante surde
Q6467059 labialized voiceless uvular affricate labialized consonant
consonante surde
uvular consonant
affricate consonant
Q19774933 labialized voiceless velar fricative consonante surde
fricative consonant
consonante velar
labialized consonant
Q122766555 labial–alveolar ejective stop consonante ejective
plosive consonant
Q2884232 labial–coronal consonant consonante
Q123532216 labial–uvular consonant consonante
Q2994706 labial–velar consonant consonante
Q20820080 labial–velar plosive labial–velar consonant
plosive consonant
Q3687471 labio-velar consonant consonante
Q105038173 labiodental ejective affricate consonante labiodental
consonante ejective
affricate consonant
p̪fʼ
Q6467104 labiodental ejective fricative consonante labiodental
consonante ejective
fricative consonant
oral consonant
consonante surde
central consonant
Q312111 labiovelar consonant consonante
Q765443 laminal consonant coronal consonant
Q4254538 laryngeal consonant consonante
Q47010355 lateral approximant lateral consonant
approximant consonant
Q223714 lateral consonant consonante
Q106666076 lateral flapp consonante flap
Q18451517 lateral fricative consonant consonante
Q94771423 linguolabial click click consonant
linguolabial consonant
Q1197283 linguolabial consonant consonante
coronal consonant
Q122785968 linguolabial lateral flap linguolabial consonant
lateral consonant
consonante flap
Q6554097 linguolabial nasal consonante nasal
linguolabial consonant
consonante sonante
pulmonic consonant
occlusive consonant
m_d
Q908751 liquid consonant consonante[1]
Q121704609 long vowel vocal
Q118612491 low unrounded vowel low vowel
unrounded vowel
Q118612479 low vowel vocal
Q4116866 mid back rounded vowel mid vowel
back vowel
rounded vowel

ɔ̝
Q3399386 mid back unrounded vowel mid vowel
back vowel
unrounded vowel
ɤ̞
ʌ̝
Q3523872 mid front rounded vowel mid vowel
front vowel
rounded vowel
ø̞
œ̝
2_o
9_r
Q3519604 mid front unrounded vowel mid vowel
front vowel
unrounded vowel

ɛ̝
e_o
Q1650645 mid vowel vocal
Q105548817 mid-central rounded vowel mid vowel
central vowel
rounded vowel
ɵ̞
ə̹
ɞ̝
Q1154123 mid-central unrounded vowel mid vowel
central vowel
unrounded vowel
ə @
Q6869204 minor syllable syllable
Q932126 monophthong vocal
Q1445594 moon letter consonante
Q1670737 morph segment
Q6966566 nasal click consonante nasal
click consonant
Q4327628 nasal infix consonante nasal
infix
Q6966573 nasal labialized velar approximant labialized consonant
consonante velar
approximant consonant
Q6966576 nasal palatal approximant approximant consonant
consonante nasal
consonante palatal
Q8017813 nasal sonant in Japanese consonante nasal
Q1321760 nasal vowel vocal
Q2078916 near-back vowel vocal
Q2046206 near-close central rounded vowel near-close vowel
central vowel
rounded vowel
ʊ̈
ɷ
ʉ̞
U\
}_o
Q770632 near-close central unrounded vowel near-close vowel
central vowel
unrounded vowel
ɨ̞
ɘ̝
ɪ̈
I\
Q1137807 near-close near-back rounded vowel near-close vowel
near-back vowel
rounded vowel
high rounded back vowel
ʊ U
Q3563444 near-close near-back unrounded vowel near-close vowel
near-back vowel
unrounded vowel
ω
ʊ̜
ɯ̞̈
ɯ̽
Q965123 near-close near-front rounded vowel near-close vowel
near-front vowel
rounded vowel
ʏ Y
Q1070049 near-close near-front unrounded vowel near-close vowel
near-front vowel
unrounded vowel
ɪ I
Q1813464 near-close vowel high vowel
Q2280186 near-front vowel vocal
Q39052333 near-open central rounded vowel near-open vowel
central vowel
rounded vowel
ɐ̹
ɞ̞[6]
Q503323 near-open central unrounded vowel near-open vowel
central vowel
unrounded vowel
low unrounded vowel
ɐ 6
Q33127828 near-open central unrounded vowel near-open vowel
central vowel
unrounded vowel
ɜ̞
Q740768 near-open front unrounded vowel near-open vowel
front vowel
unrounded vowel
low unrounded vowel
æ {
Q1779759 near-open vowel low vowel
Q2994704 non-pulmonic consonant consonante
Q3563443 non-syllabic vowel vocal
Q2004648 null allomorph allomorph
null morpheme
Q1789027 null morpheme morphema
zero
Q118979094 null phoneme zero
phonema
Q4327973 null suffix null morpheme
suffixo
Q1148563 obstruent consonante
Q1971057 occlusive consonant consonante
Q740714 open back rounded vowel open vowel
back vowel
rounded vowel
ɒ Q
Q431471 open back unrounded vowel open vowel
unrounded vowel
back vowel
low unrounded vowel
ɑ A
Q20643536 open central rounded vowel open vowel
central vowel
rounded vowel
ɒ̈
Q2493584 open central unrounded vowel open vowel
central vowel
unrounded vowel
low unrounded vowel
ä a_"
a
Q909416 open front rounded vowel open vowel
front vowel
rounded vowel
ɶ &
Q845073 open front unrounded vowel open vowel
front vowel
unrounded vowel
low unrounded vowel
a a
Q5997175 open syllable syllable
Q840326 open vowel low vowel
Q379085 open-mid back rounded vowel open-mid vowel
back vowel
rounded vowel
ɔ O
Q874968 open-mid back unrounded vowel open-mid vowel
back vowel
unrounded vowel
low unrounded vowel
ʌ V
Q1137346 open-mid central rounded vowel rounded vowel
central vowel
open-mid vowel
ɞ 3\
Q1057346 open-mid central unrounded vowel open-mid vowel
central vowel
unrounded vowel
low unrounded vowel
ɜ 3
Q80731 open-mid front rounded vowel open-mid vowel
front vowel
rounded vowel
œ 9
Q29462 open-mid front unrounded vowel open-mid vowel
front vowel
unrounded vowel
low unrounded vowel
ɛ E
Q1779767 open-mid vowel low vowel
Q12714585 opening diphthong diphthong
Q2479203 oral consonant consonante
Q24283507 closing diphthong oU
Q1711702 palatal click consonant click consonant
consonante palatal
ǂ =\
Q2994714 palatal ejective consonante palatal
consonante ejective
Q30632414 palatal ejective affricate consonante palatal
consonante ejective
affricate consonant
Q30632411 palatal ejective fricative consonante palatal
consonante ejective
fricative consonant
Q7126767 palatal fricative consonante palatal
fricative consonant
Q24250647 palatal lateral consonant consonante palatal
lateral consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
Q7126768 palatal lateral ejective affricate consonante surde
palatal lateral consonant
affricate consonant
consonante ejective
oral consonant
lateral consonant
consonante palatal
cʎ̝̊ʼ
c͡ʎ̝̥ʼ
Q7126773 palatal nasal click consonante nasal
palatal click consonant
ŋǂ
ŋ͡ǂ
ǂ̃
Q7126775 palatal stop plosive consonant
consonante palatal
Q24248517 palatal-velar consonant consonante palatal
consonante velar
Q124150931 palatalized lateral lateral consonant /lʲ/
Q124150943 palatalized velar stop velar stop
Q7126842 palato-alveolar consonant postalveolar consonant
Q7126841 palato-alveolar ejective affricate palato-alveolar consonant
consonante ejective
affricate consonant
oral consonant
consonante surde
central consonant
tʃʼ
t͡ʃʼ
Q7126843 palato-alveolar ejective fricative palato-alveolar consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
consonante ejective
consonante surde
fricative consonant
ʃʼ
Q7165347 penult syllable
Q30835592 percussive consonant non-pulmonic consonant
Q7168700 peripheral consonant consonante
Q252321 pharyngeal consonant consonante
Q202064 phono linguistic unit[7]
Q51597 plosive consonant consonante[1]
occlusive consonant
Q49748 postalveolar consonant consonante
coronal consonant
Q56315958 postalveolar ejective fricative postalveolar consonant
consonante ejective
fricative consonant
Q24640000 postvocalic consonant consonante
Q7239267 pre-stopped consonant consonante
Q122226941 prenasalized voiced linguolabial plosive consonante sonante
linguolabial consonant
plosive consonant
Q7259553 pulmonic consonant consonante
Q7259552 pulmonic-contour click click consonant
Q12047602 pulmonická hláska phono
Q1509593 radical consonant consonante
Q25347187 raised vowel vocal
Q25347183 retracted vowel vocal
Q7317016 retroflex click consonant consonante retroflexe
click consonant
𝼊
Q16258239 retroflex ejective consonante retroflexe
consonante ejective
Q7317019 retroflex ejective affricate consonante retroflexe
consonante ejective
affricate consonant
oral consonant
consonante surde
central consonant
ʈʂʼ
ʈ͡ʂʼ
tʂʼ
Q2994698 retroflex ejective fricative consonante surde
consonante retroflexe
fricative consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
consonante ejective
ʂʼ
Q7317022 retroflex nasal click consonante nasal
consonante retroflexe
ŋ‼
ŋ͡‼
‼̃
Q7317023 retroflex stop plosive consonant
consonante retroflexe
Q1076155 rhotic consonant consonante
Q11037904 round-sharp distinction phono
Q20643518 rounded vowel vocal
Q209316 schwa mid vowel
central vowel
ə @
Q602418 segment phono
linguistic unit
Q757410 semivowel approximant consonant
glide
Q121704367 short vowel vocal
Q51600 sibilant consonant fricative consonant
Q11637484 soft vowel vocal
Q31627 sonorant consonante
Q7581564 spurious diphthong vocal
Q51839191 stressed syllable syllable
Q84512869 stricture phono
Q17027400 strident vowel vocal
Q2441826 subapical consonant coronal consonant
Q101264559 sublingual percussive percussive consonant ¡
Q14835068 sun letter consonante
Q3506876 syllabe castillane syllable
Q2916331 syllabic consonant consonante ◌̩
◌̍
=
Q8188 syllable structure
phono
linguistic unit[8][9][10]
Q7700925 tenuis alveolar click consonante alveolar
click consonant
ingressive sound
consonante surde
oral consonant
central consonant

k͡ǃ
ᵏʗ
Q17121898 tenuis alveolar lateral click consonante alveolar
lateral consonant
click consonant
Q7700927 tenuis bilabial click consonante bilabial
click consonant
tenuis consonant
consonante surde
oral consonant
ingressive sound

k͡ʘ
Q105551172 tenuis bilabial uvular click tenuis consonant
consonante bilabial
uvular consonant
click consonant
q͡ʘ
Q838797 tenuis consonant consonante
Q65089582 tenuis dental click tenuis consonant
click consonant
dental consonant
consonante surde
oral consonant
central consonant
ingressive sound

k͡ǀ

k͡ʇ
Q105551305 tenuis dental uvular click tenuis consonant
dental consonant
uvular consonant
click consonant
oral consonant
central consonant

q͡ǀ

q͡ʇ
Q7700929 tenuis palatal click click consonant
consonante palatal
tenuis consonant
consonante surde
oral consonant
central consonant
ǂ
ʄ̵
=\
Q105551470 tenuis palatal uvular click tenuis consonant
consonante palatal
uvular consonant
click consonant
consonante surde
oral consonant
central consonant

q͡ǂ
Q105551400 tenuis palatal velar click tenuis consonant
consonante palatal
consonante velar
click consonant
consonante surde
oral consonant

k͡ǂ
Q7700931 tenuis retroflex click consonante retroflexe
central consonant
oral consonant
consonante surde
ingressive sound
Q31900002 the tenth vowel of the Swedish language vocal
Q3322476 thematic vowel morphema
vocal
Q2864950 themavocaal vocal
Q51611 trill consonant consonante
flaps, trills, and retroflex lateral
Q7842010 trilled affricate trill consonant
affricate consonant
Q912128 triphthong vocal
Q2192794 tzere vocal
Q3704485 ultima syllable
Q1144902 unreleased stop plosive consonant ◌̚
Q11663698 unrounded vowel vocal
Q9626521 uvular approximant uvular consonant
approximant consonant
Q623772 uvular consonant consonante
dorsal consonant
Q1875788 uvular ejective uvular consonant
consonante ejective
Q7903733 uvular ejective affricate uvular consonant
consonante ejective
affricate consonant
oral consonant
consonante surde
central consonant
qχʼ
q͡χʼ
Q2994699 uvular ejective fricative uvular consonant
consonante ejective
fricative consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
consonante surde
χʼ
Q122782919 uvular lateral ejective affricate uvular consonant
lateral consonant
consonante ejective
affricate consonant
Q7903739 uvular stop plosive consonant
uvular consonant
Q3849620 uvular–epiglottal consonant consonante
Q2663077 velar ejective consonante velar
consonante ejective
Q7918817 velar ejective affricate consonante velar
consonante ejective
affricate consonant
oral consonant
consonante surde
central consonant
kxʼ
Q7918818 velar ejective fricative consonante velar
consonante ejective
fricative consonant
consonante surde
oral consonant
central consonant
Q24254526 velar lateral consonant lateral consonant
consonante velar
Q7918820 velar lateral ejective affricate consonante velar
lateral consonant
consonante ejective
affricate consonant
consonante surde
oral consonant
kʟ̝̊ʼ
k͡ʟ̝̊ʼ
Q7918823 velar stop plosive consonant
consonante velar
Q1399624 velarized alveolar lateral approximant consonante velar
consonante alveolar
lateral consonant
approximant consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
ɫ

5
l_G
l_?\
Q25053245 velopharyngeal consonant consonante ʩ
Q7924627 vibrant consonant consonante
Q36244 vocal phono
Q11954925 vocal tònica vocal
Q121789691 vocalic release schwa
Q1068527 voiced alveolar affricate consonante sonante
consonante alveolar
affricate consonant
pulmonic consonant
central consonant
oral consonant
ʣ
d͡z
dz
Q121811927 voiced alveolar and postalveolar approximants consonante sonante
approximant consonant
Q909128 voiced alveolar approximant approximant consonant
consonante alveolar
consonante sonante
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ɹ
ð̠˕
r\
Q7939616 voiced alveolar click consonante sonante
consonante alveolar
click consonant
ǃ̬
ᶢǃ
Q874996 voiced alveolar flap consonante sonante
consonante alveolar
consonante flap
voiced alveolar stop[11]
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ɾ
ɾ͇
4
Q506687 voiced alveolar fricative consonante sonante
consonante alveolar
fricative consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
sibilant consonant
z z
Q122860784 voiced alveolar fricative trill consonante sonante
consonante alveolar
fricative consonant
trill consonant
Q1808098 voiced alveolar implosive consonante sonante
consonante alveolar
implosive consonant
ɗ d_<
Q2846215 voiced alveolar lateral affricate consonante sonante
consonante alveolar
lateral consonant
affricate consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant

d͡ɮ
λ
dK\
Q815439 voiced alveolar lateral approximant approximant consonant
consonante alveolar
consonante sonante
lateral consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
sonorant
l l
Q7939620 voiced alveolar lateral click consonante sonante
consonante alveolar
lateral consonant
click consonant
oral consonant
ingressive sound
ǁ̬
ᶢǁ
Q1399615 voiced alveolar lateral flap consonante alveolar
consonante flap
consonante sonante
lateral consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
ɺ l\
Q1057318 voiced alveolar lateral fricative consonante sonante
consonante alveolar
lateral consonant
fricative consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
ɮ K\
Q122802694 voiced alveolar lateral–median fricative consonante sonante
consonante alveolar
fricative consonant
Q271611 voiced alveolar nasal consonante sonante
consonante alveolar
consonante nasal
pulmonic consonant
occlusive consonant
central consonant
sonorant
n n
Q105546325 voiced alveolar non-sibilant affricate consonante sonante
consonante alveolar
affricate consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
dɹ̝
dð̠
dð͇
Q105541446 voiced alveolar non-sibilant fricative consonante sonante
consonante alveolar
fricative consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ð̠
ð͇
ɹ̝
Q121010451 voiced alveolar non-sibilant fricative consonante sonante
consonante alveolar
fricative consonant
Q335591 voiced alveolar stop plosive consonant
consonante sonante
consonante alveolar
consonante
pulmonic consonant
occlusive consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
d

d
Q105541411 voiced alveolar tapped fricative consonante sonante
consonante alveolar
fricative consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ɾ̞
ɹ̝̆
Q463522 voiced alveolar trill consonante sonante
consonante alveolar
trill consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
voiced dental, alveolar and postalveolar trills
r r
Q1364930 voiced alveolo-palatal affricate consonante sonante
affricate consonant
alveolo-palatal consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ʥ
d͡ʑ
ɟʑ
ɟ͡ʑ
d͜ʑ
ɟ͜ʑ
d_z\
J\_z\
Q4737966 voiced alveolo-palatal lateral approximant alveolo-palatal consonant
lateral consonant
approximant consonant
consonante sonante
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
l̠ʲ
ʎ̟
ȴ
Q684085 voiced alveolo-palatal sibilant consonante sonante
alveolo-palatal consonant
fricative consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ʑ z\
Q122374659 voiced bidental fricative consonante sonante
bidental consonant
fricative consonant
Q25345848 voiced bilabial affricate consonante sonante
consonante bilabial
affricate consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant

b͡β
Q105541870 voiced bilabial approximant consonante sonante
consonante bilabial
approximant consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
β̞
ʋ̟
Q7939621 voiced bilabial click consonante sonante
consonante bilabial
click consonant
oral consonant
ingressive sound
ɡʘ
ɡ͡ʘ
Q2575108 voiced bilabial flap consonante flap
consonante bilabial
consonante sonante
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
ⱱ̟
Q181711 voiced bilabial fricative consonante sonante
consonante bilabial
fricative consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
β B
Q2300147 voiced bilabial implosive consonante sonante
consonante bilabial
implosive consonant
ɓ b_<
Q242797 voiced bilabial plosive consonante sonante
consonante bilabial
plosive consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
occlusive consonant
b[12] b
Q1068514 voiced bilabial trill consonante bilabial
consonante sonante
trill consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
ʙ B\
Q112748276 voiced dental affricate consonante sonante
dental consonant
affricate consonant
Q105541991 voiced dental approximant consonante sonante
dental consonant
approximant consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ð̞
ɹ̪
Q47068151 voiced dental flap consonante flap
dental consonant
consonante sonante
ɾ̪ 4_d
Q654641 voiced dental fricative consonante sonante
dental consonant
fricative consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ð D
Q2994732 voiced dental lateral approximant consonante sonante
dental consonant
lateral consonant
approximant consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
Q124255806 voiced dental lateral fricative consonante sonante
dental consonant
lateral consonant
fricative consonant
Q47012553 voiced dental nasal consonante nasal
dental consonant
consonante sonante
n_d
Q15091943 voiced dental non-sibilant affricate consonante sonante
dental consonant
affricate consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant

d͡ð
d͜ð
d̪ð
d̪͡ð
d̟ð
d̟͡ð
Q122355501 voiced dental sibilant fricative consonante sonante
dental consonant
sibilant consonant
fricative consonant
Q1400471 voiced dental stop dental consonant
consonante sonante
plosive consonant
d_d
Q47014590 voiced dental trill trill consonant
dental consonant
consonante sonante
r_d
Q113159186 voiced dental, alveolar and postalveolar trills trill consonant
consonante sonante
Q25109796 voiced epiglottal affricate affricate consonant
epiglottal consonant
consonante sonante
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ʡʢ
ʡ͡ʢ
Q2342591 voiced epiglottal flap consonante flap
epiglottal consonant
consonante sonante
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ʡ̆
ʢ̆
Q1145500 voiced epiglottal fricative consonante sonante
epiglottal consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
trill consonant
ʢ <\
Q47036110 voiced epiglottal nasal consonante nasal
epiglottal consonant
consonante sonante
impossible consonant
Q47012319 voiced epiglottal stop plosive consonant
epiglottal consonant
consonante sonante
impossible consonant
ʡ̬
Q2994731 voiced epiglottal trill trill consonant
epiglottal consonant
consonante sonante
Q123198442 voiced final consonant consonante sonante
Q47087994 voiced glottal flap consonante flap
consonante glottal
consonante sonante
impossible consonant
Q862576 voiced glottal fricative consonante glottal
fricative consonant
consonante sonante
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
ɦ h\
Q47013259 voiced glottal nasal consonante nasal
consonante glottal
consonante sonante
impossible consonant
Q47012447 voiced glottal stop plosive consonant
consonante glottal
consonante sonante
impossible consonant
ʔ̬
Q47037481 voiced glottal trill trill consonant
consonante glottal
consonante sonante
impossible consonant[11]
Q2470874 voiced labial-velar nasal labial–velar consonant
consonante nasal
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
occlusive consonant
ŋm
ŋ͡m
Nm
Q2973461 voiced labialized palatal approximant approximant consonant
labialized consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
labio-palatal consonant
ɥ H
Q122928253 voiced labial–alveolar nasal consonante nasal
consonante sonante
Q122766651 voiced labial–alveolar plosive consonante sonante
plosive consonant
Q124250079 voiced labial–velar implosive consonante sonante
labial–velar consonant
implosive consonant
Q2693518 voiced labial–velar plosive consonante sonante
labial–velar plosive
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
plosive consonant
ɡb
ɡ͡b
gb
Q565654 voiced labio-velar approximant consonante sonante
approximant consonant
labio-velar consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
w w
Q7939623 voiced labiodental affricate consonante sonante
consonante labiodental
affricate consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
b̪v
b̪͡v
Q1054266 voiced labiodental approximant approximant consonant
consonante labiodental
consonante sonante
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
ʋ P
Q1973022 voiced labiodental flap consonante flap
consonante labiodental
consonante sonante
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
Q654787 voiced labiodental fricative consonante sonante
consonante labiodental
fricative consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
v v
Q835956 voiced labiodental nasal consonante nasal
consonante sonante
consonante labiodental
pulmonic consonant
occlusive consonant
ɱ

F
Q519565 voiced labiodental stop plosive consonant
consonante sonante
consonante labiodental
pulmonic consonant
occlusive consonant
oral consonant
central consonant

b_d
Q30632409 voiced labiodental trill trill consonant
consonante labiodental
consonante sonante
ʙ̪ B\_d
Q7939624 voiced linguolabial fricative consonante sonante
fricative consonant
linguolabial consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
ð̼
β̺
Q123997813 voiced linguolabial lateral flap consonante sonante
linguolabial consonant
lateral consonant
consonante flap
Q61055881 voiced linguolabial stop consonante sonante
linguolabial consonant
plosive consonant
pulmonic consonant
occlusive consonant
oral consonant


ɾ̼
Q30917337 voiced linguolabial tap consonante flap
linguolabial consonant
consonante sonante
ɾ̼
Q121939634 voiced linguolabial trill consonante sonante
linguolabial consonant
trill consonant
Q7939627 voiced palatal affricate consonante sonante
consonante palatal
affricate consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ɟʝ
ɟ͡ʝ
ɟ͜ʝ
J\_j\
Q835992 voiced palatal approximant approximant consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
semivowel
consonante palatal
consonante sonante
j j
Q7939626 voiced palatal click consonante sonante
consonante palatal
click consonant
Q11587682 voiced palatal flap consonante flap
consonante palatal
consonante sonante
ɾ̻̠ʲ
ɟ̆
J\_X
Q578601 voiced palatal fricative consonante sonante
consonante palatal
fricative consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ʝ j\
Q2994718 voiced palatal implosive consonante sonante
consonante palatal
implosive consonant
ʄ J\_<
Q104744728 voiced palatal lateral affricate consonante sonante
consonante palatal
lateral consonant
affricate consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
ɟʎ̝
Q855287 voiced palatal lateral approximant approximant consonant
consonante palatal
lateral consonant
consonante sonante
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
ʎ L
Q2994689 voiced palatal lateral flap consonante sonante
palatal lateral consonant
consonante flap
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
consonante palatal
lateral consonant
ʎ̮
Q25346925 voiced palatal lateral fricative consonante sonante
consonante palatal
lateral consonant
approximant consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
ʎ̝ L_r
Q124250545 voiced palatal lateral nasal consonante sonante
consonante palatal
lateral consonant
consonante nasal
Q463495 voiced palatal nasal consonante nasal
consonante sonante
consonante palatal
pulmonic consonant
occlusive consonant
central consonant
ɲ J
Q239206 voiced palatal plosive plosive consonant
consonante sonante
consonante palatal
fricative consonant
pulmonic consonant
occlusive consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ɟ J\
Q123716564 voiced palatal tap and flap consonante sonante
consonante palatal
Q47034784 voiced palatal trill trill consonant
consonante palatal
consonante sonante
impossible consonant[13]
Q778145 voiced palato-alveolar affricate consonante sonante
palato-alveolar consonant
affricate consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant

d͡ʒ
ʤ
d̠ʒ
dZ
d_r_jZ
d_rZ
Q654660 voiced palato‐alveolar sibilant consonante sonante
palato-alveolar consonant
sibilant consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ʒ Z
Q105542167 voiced pharyngeal approximant consonante sonante
pharyngeal consonant
approximant consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ʕ̞
ɑ̯
Q47087969 voiced pharyngeal flap consonante flap
pharyngeal consonant
consonante sonante
impossible consonant
Q49751 voiced pharyngeal fricative consonante sonante
pharyngeal consonant
fricative consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ʕ ?\
Q47013137 voiced pharyngeal nasal consonante nasal
pharyngeal consonant
consonante sonante
impossible consonant
Q47035980 voiced pharyngeal stop plosive consonant
pharyngeal consonant
consonante sonante
impossible consonant
Q47036533 voiced pharyngeal trill trill consonant
pharyngeal consonant
consonante sonante
impossible consonant
Q105542483 voiced postalveolar approximant consonante sonante
postalveolar consonant
approximant consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ɹ̠
Q23058458 voiced postalveolar consonant consonante sonante
fricative consonant
postalveolar consonant
Q47068390 voiced postalveolar flap consonante flap
postalveolar consonant
consonante sonante
ɾ̠ 4_-
Q105543425 voiced postalveolar lateral approximant consonante sonante
postalveolar consonant
lateral consonant
approximant consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
Q47012722 voiced postalveolar nasal consonante nasal
postalveolar consonant
consonante sonante
n_-
Q113659842 voiced postalveolar non-sibilant affricate consonante sonante
postalveolar consonant
affricate consonant
Q121090501 voiced postalveolar non-sibilant affricate consonante sonante
postalveolar consonant
affricate consonant
Q105541596 voiced postalveolar non-sibilant fricative consonante sonante
postalveolar consonant
fricative consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ɹ̠˔
ɹ̝˗
d̠ɹ̠˔
dɹ̝˗
r\_-_r
Q113659843 voiced postalveolar non-sibilant fricative consonante sonante
postalveolar consonant
fricative consonant
Q47011388 voiced postalveolar stop plosive consonant
postalveolar consonant
consonante sonante
d_-
Q47024723 voiced postalveolar trill trill consonant
postalveolar consonant
consonante sonante
r_-
Q2208252 voiced retroflex affricate consonante sonante
consonante retroflexe
affricate consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ɖʐ
ɖ͡ʐ
dz`
Q534118 voiced retroflex approximant approximant consonant
consonante retroflexe
consonante sonante
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ɻ r\`
Q7939628 voiced retroflex click consonante sonante
consonante retroflexe
oral consonant
central consonant
ingressive sound
Q1364532 voiced retroflex flap consonante retroflexe
consonante flap
consonante sonante
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ɽ r`
Q2994708 voiced retroflex implosive consonante sonante
consonante retroflexe
implosive consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
occlusive consonant
Q124207507 voiced retroflex labiodental fricative consonante sonante
consonante retroflexe
consonante labiodental
fricative consonant
Q105425002 voiced retroflex lateral affricate consonante sonante
consonante retroflexe
lateral consonant
affricate consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
ɖɭ˔
ɖ͜ɭ˔
ɖ𝼅
Q1077686 voiced retroflex lateral approximant approximant consonant
consonante retroflexe
consonante sonante
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
flaps, trills, and retroflex lateral
ɭ l`
Q2994690 voiced retroflex lateral flap consonante flap
lateral consonant
consonante retroflexe
consonante sonante
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
𝼈
ɭ̆
ɺ˞
Q30593414 voiced retroflex lateral fricative consonante sonante
consonante retroflexe
lateral consonant
fricative consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
ɭ˔
𝼅
l`_r
Q845888 voiced retroflex nasal consonante nasal
consonante sonante
consonante retroflexe
pulmonic consonant
occlusive consonant
central consonant
ɳ n`
Q61022737 voiced retroflex non-sibilant consonante retroflexe
consonante sonante
fricative consonant
ɻ̝
Q122841826 voiced retroflex non-sibilant affricate consonante sonante
consonante retroflexe
affricate consonant
Q105542199 voiced retroflex non-sibilant fricative consonante sonante
consonante retroflexe
fricative consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ɻ̝
ɻ˔
r\`_r
Q840328 voiced retroflex plosive consonante sonante
plosive consonant
consonante retroflexe
pulmonic consonant
occlusive consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ɖ d`
Q253048 voiced retroflex sibilant consonante sonante
consonante retroflexe
fricative consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ʐ z`
Q685771 voiced retroflex trill trill consonant
consonante retroflexe
consonante sonante
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ɽ͡r r`r
Q104845593 voiced upper-pharyngeal plosive consonante sonante
plosive consonant
Q7939629 voiced uvular affricate consonante sonante
affricate consonant
uvular consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ɢʁ
ɢ͡ʁ
ɢ͜ʁ
Q105542079 voiced uvular approximant consonante sonante
uvular consonant
approximant consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ʁ̞ R_o
Q2551661 voiced uvular flap consonante flap
uvular consonant
consonante sonante
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ɢ̆ G\_X
Q1054276 voiced uvular fricative consonante sonante
uvular consonant
fricative consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ʁ R
Q124207510 voiced uvular fricative approximant consonante sonante
uvular consonant
fricative consonant
approximant consonant
Q2744685 voiced uvular implosive consonante sonante
implosive consonant
uvular consonant
ʛ G\_<
Q25347168 voiced uvular lateral approximant lateral approximant
uvular consonant
approximant consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
consonante sonante
ʟ̠ L\_-
Q110102570 voiced uvular lateral approximant consonante sonante
uvular consonant
lateral consonant
approximant consonant
Q124217647 voiced uvular lateral fricative consonante sonante
uvular consonant
lateral consonant
fricative consonant
Q637196 voiced uvular nasal consonante nasal
consonante sonante
uvular consonant
pulmonic consonant
occlusive consonant
central consonant
ɴ N\
Q290979 voiced uvular plosive consonante sonante
uvular consonant
plosive consonant
pulmonic consonant
occlusive consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ɢ[12] G\
Q113659844 voiced uvular tap or flap consonante sonante
uvular consonant
Q864677 voiced uvular trill consonante sonante
uvular consonant
trill consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ʀ R\
Q25347155 voiced velar affricate consonante sonante
consonante velar
affricate consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ɡɣ
ɡ͡ɣ
ɡ͜ɣ
g_G
gG
Q1054261 voiced velar approximant approximant consonant
consonante sonante
consonante velar
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ɰ M\
Q47086807 voiced velar flap consonante flap
consonante velar
consonante sonante
impossible consonant
ğ
Q654670 voiced velar fricative consonante sonante
fricative consonant
consonante velar
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ɣ G
Q514115 voiced velar implosive consonante sonante
consonante velar
implosive consonant
ɠ g_<
Q7939632 voiced velar lateral affricate consonante sonante
consonante velar
lateral consonant
affricate consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
ɡʟ̝
Q761254 voiced velar lateral approximant approximant consonant
consonante sonante
velar lateral consonant
lateral consonant
consonante velar
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
ʟ L\
Q7939633 voiced velar lateral fricative consonante sonante
consonante velar
lateral consonant
fricative consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
ʟ̝
Q124217649 voiced velar lateral stop consonante sonante
consonante velar
lateral consonant
plosive consonant
Q7918821 voiced velar lateral tap consonante flap
lateral consonant
consonante velar
consonante sonante
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
ʟ̆
Q463515 voiced velar nasal consonante velar
consonante sonante
consonante nasal
pulmonic consonant
occlusive consonant
central consonant
ŋ N
Q507127 voiced velar stop plosive consonant
consonante sonante
consonante velar
pulmonic consonant
occlusive consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ɡ g
Q105425005 voiced velar tap consonante sonante
consonante velar
consonante flap
Q47035233 voiced velar trill trill consonant
consonante velar
consonante sonante
impossible consonant[14]
Q25347184 voiceless alveolar and postalveolar approximants consonante surde
approximant consonant
Q25347158 voiceless alveolar flap consonante flap
consonante alveolar
consonante surde
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ɾ͇̊ 4_0
Q334723 voiceless alveolar fricative fricative consonant
consonante alveolar
consonante surde
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
s s
Q7939636 voiceless alveolar implosive consonante surde
consonante alveolar
implosive consonant
occlusive consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ɗ̥
ƭ
tʼ↓
Q2412027 voiceless alveolar lateral affricate consonante surde
consonante alveolar
lateral consonant
affricate consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant

t͡ɬ
ƛ
tK)
Q104733692 voiceless alveolar lateral flap consonante surde
consonante alveolar
lateral consonant
consonante flap
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
ɺ̥ l\
Q1365390 voiceless alveolar lateral fricative consonante surde
consonante alveolar
lateral consonant
fricative consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
ɬ K
Q122802701 voiceless alveolar lateral–median fricative consonante surde
consonante alveolar
fricative consonant
Q722183 voiceless alveolar nasal consonante surde
consonante alveolar
consonante nasal
pulmonic consonant
occlusive consonant

n_0
Q105546376 voiceless alveolar non-sibilant affricate consonante surde
consonante alveolar
affricate consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
tɹ̝̊
tθ̠
tθ͇
Q120999208 voiceless alveolar non-sibilant affricate consonante surde
consonante alveolar
affricate consonant
Q7939637 voiceless alveolar non-sibilant fricative consonante surde
consonante alveolar
fricative consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
θ̠
θ͇
ɹ̝̊
Q7939638 voiceless alveolar retracted sibilant sibilant consonant
consonante alveolar
consonante surde
Q105541374 voiceless alveolar retracted sibilant consonante surde
consonante alveolar
sibilant consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
Q862614 voiceless alveolar sibilant affricate affricate consonant
consonante alveolar
consonante surde
sibilant consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
t͡s
ʦ
ts
Q335644 voiceless alveolar stop consonante surde
consonante alveolar
plosive consonant
pulmonic consonant
occlusive consonant
central consonant
oral consonant
t

t
Q2994715 voiceless alveolar trill consonante surde
consonante alveolar
trill consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
r_0
Q684081 voiceless alveolo-palatal affricate consonante surde
alveolo-palatal consonant
affricate consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant

t͡ɕ
t͜ɕ

c͡ɕ
c͜ɕ
t_s\
Q605116 voiceless alveolo-palatal sibilant consonante surde
alveolo-palatal consonant
sibilant consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
laminal consonant
ɕ s\
Q7939641 voiceless bidental fricative consonante surde
fricative consonant
bidental consonant
Q25345850 voiceless bilabial affricate affricate consonant
consonante bilabial
consonante surde
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant

p͡ɸ
Q47037691 voiceless bilabial flap consonante flap
consonante bilabial
consonante surde
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
ⱱ̟̊
Q477249 voiceless bilabial fricative consonante surde
consonante bilabial
fricative consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
ɸ p\
Q7939640 voiceless bilabial implosive consonante surde
consonante bilabial
implosive consonant
occlusive consonant
oral consonant
ɓ̥
pʼ↓
Q237623 voiceless bilabial plosive consonante surde
consonante bilabial
plosive consonant
occlusive consonant
oral consonant
pulmonic consonant
p p
Q19773202 voiceless bilabial trill bilabial trill
consonante surde
trill consonant
consonante bilabial
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
ʙ̥ B\_0
Q96414083 voiceless bilabially post-trilled dental stop consonante surde
dental consonant
plosive consonant
Q47068152 voiceless dental flap consonante flap
dental consonant
consonante surde
ɾ̪̊ 4_d_0
Q332019 voiceless dental fricative dental consonant
fricative consonant
consonante surde
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
θ T
Q47012625 voiceless dental nasal consonante nasal
dental consonant
consonante surde
n̪̊ n_d_0
Q16258771 voiceless dental non-sibilant affricate consonante surde
dental consonant
affricate consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant

t͡θ
t͜θ
t̪θ
t̪͡θ
t̟θ
t̟͡θ
Q7939643 voiceless dental sibilant consonante surde
dental consonant
sibilant consonant
Q1400459 voiceless dental stop consonante surde
dental consonant
plosive consonant
t_d
Q47014705 voiceless dental trill trill consonant
dental consonant
consonante surde
r̪̊ r_d_0
Q47085528 voiceless dental, alveolar and postalveolar flaps consonante flap
voiced alveolar stop[11]
consonante surde
ɾ̥ 4_0
Q41792096 voiceless dental, alveolar and postalveolar lateral approximants consonante surde
consonante alveolar
lateral consonant
approximant consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
l_0
Q105541320 voiceless dentalized alveolar sibilant consonante surde
consonante alveolar
fricative consonant
pulmonic consonant
sibilant consonant
s_d
Q107304070 voiceless epiglottal affricate affricate consonant
consonante surde
epiglottal consonant
Q47087985 voiceless epiglottal flap consonante flap
epiglottal consonant
consonante surde
ʡ̥̆
Q1137793 voiceless epiglottal fricative consonante surde
epiglottal consonant
fricative consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ʜ H\
Q47036101 voiceless epiglottal nasal consonante nasal
epiglottal consonant
consonante surde
impossible consonant
Q1137718 voiceless epiglottal stop plosive consonant
epiglottal consonant
consonante surde
pulmonic consonant
occlusive consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ʡ >\
Q47037430 voiceless epiglottal trill trill consonant
epiglottal consonant
consonante surde
ᴙ̥
Q123170485 voiceless final consonant consonante surde
Q25347191 voiceless glottal affricate affricate consonant
consonante glottal
consonante surde
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ʔh
ʔ͡h
ʔ͜h
?_h
Q47087993 voiceless glottal flap consonante flap
consonante glottal
consonante surde
impossible consonant
Q373478 voiceless glottal fricative consonante surde
consonante glottal
fricative consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
h h
Q47013175 voiceless glottal nasal consonante nasal
consonante glottal
consonante surde
impossible consonant
Q47037480 voiceless glottal trill trill consonant
consonante glottal
consonante surde
impossible consonant[11]
Q25345855 voiceless labial-palatal approximant consonante surde
approximant consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
fricative consonant
labio-palatal consonant
ɥ̊
Q123427905 voiceless labial-uvular plosive consonante surde
pulmonic consonant
q͡p q_p
Q122766594 voiceless labial–alveolar plosive consonante surde
plosive consonant
Q124313867 voiceless labial–velar implosive consonante surde
labial–velar consonant
implosive consonant
Q1976675 voiceless labial–velar plosive consonante surde
labial–velar plosive
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
kp
k͡p
Q1246010 voiceless labio-velar approximant consonante surde
approximant consonant
pulmonic consonant
labial–velar consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
fricative consonant
ʍ W
Q1399722 voiceless labiodental affricate consonante surde
consonante labiodental
affricate consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
p̪f
p̪͡f
Q30916758 voiceless labiodental approximant approximant consonant
consonante labiodental
consonante surde
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
ʋ̥
P_0
f_o
Q47068019 voiceless labiodental flap consonante flap
consonante labiodental
consonante surde
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
ⱱ̥
Q654705 voiceless labiodental fricative consonante surde
consonante labiodental
fricative consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
f f
Q47012499 voiceless labiodental nasal consonante nasal
consonante labiodental
consonante surde
ɱ̊ F_0
Q1200677 voiceless labiodental stop plosive consonant
consonante surde
consonante labiodental
pulmonic consonant
occlusive consonant
oral consonant
central consonant

p_d
Q47014051 voiceless labiodental trill trill consonant
consonante labiodental
consonante surde
ʙ̪̊ B\_d_0
Q7939644 voiceless linguolabial fricative consonante surde
linguolabial consonant
fricative consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
θ̼
ɸ̺
Q7939645 voiceless linguolabial stop consonante surde
linguolabial consonant
plosive consonant
pulmonic consonant
occlusive consonant
oral consonant

Q7939646 voiceless nasal glottal approximant consonante surde
consonante nasal
consonante glottal
approximant consonant
Q6453716 voiceless palatal affricate consonante surde
consonante palatal
affricate consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant

c͡ç
c͜ç
c_C
Q722147 voiceless palatal approximant consonante surde
consonante palatal
approximant consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
j_0
Q47086683 voiceless palatal flap consonante flap
consonante palatal
consonante surde
c_X
Q506701 voiceless palatal fricative consonante surde
consonante palatal
fricative consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ç C
Q7939648 voiceless palatal implosive consonante surde
consonante palatal
implosive consonant
occlusive consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ʄ̊
cʼ↓
Q7939649 voiceless palatal lateral affricate consonante surde
consonante palatal
lateral consonant
affricate consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
cʎ̥˔
c͜ʎ̥˔
c𝼆
c͜𝼆
Q19692369 voiceless palatal lateral approximant consonante palatal
lateral consonant
approximant consonant
consonante surde
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
ʎ̥ L_0
Q2994691 voiceless palatal lateral fricative consonante surde
consonante palatal
lateral consonant
fricative consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
𝼆
ʎ̥˔
Q7939650 voiceless palatal nasal consonante surde
consonante palatal
consonante nasal
pulmonic consonant
occlusive consonant
central consonant
ɲ̊
ɲ̥
J_0
Q19501023 voiceless palatal plosive consonante surde
consonante palatal
plosive consonant
pulmonic consonant
occlusive consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
c c
Q47035132 voiceless palatal trill trill consonant
consonante palatal
consonante surde
impossible consonant[13]
Q1464518 voiceless palatal-velar fricative consonante surde
palatal-velar consonant
fricative consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ɧ x\
Q518603 voiceless palato-alveolar affricate consonante surde
affricate consonant
postalveolar consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant

ʧ
t͡ʃ
t͜ʃ
t̠ʃ
tS
t_rS
Q47087968 voiceless pharyngeal flap consonante flap
pharyngeal consonant
consonante surde
impossible consonant
Q920026 voiceless pharyngeal fricative consonante surde
pharyngeal consonant
fricative consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ħ X\
Q47013120 voiceless pharyngeal nasal consonante nasal
pharyngeal consonant
consonante surde
impossible consonant
Q47035721 voiceless pharyngeal stop plosive consonant
pharyngeal consonant
consonante surde
impossible consonant
Q47036531 voiceless pharyngeal trill trill consonant
pharyngeal consonant
consonante surde
impossible consonant
Q47068391 voiceless postalveolar flap consonante flap
postalveolar consonant
consonante surde
ɾ̠̊ 4_-_0
Q334695 voiceless postalveolar fricative consonante surde
palato-alveolar consonant
sibilant consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ʃ S
Q47012746 voiceless postalveolar nasal consonante nasal
postalveolar consonant
consonante surde
n̠̊ n_-_0
Q105544091 voiceless postalveolar non-sibilant affricate consonante surde
postalveolar consonant
affricate consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
t̠ɹ̠̊˔
tɹ̝̊˗
Q113659846 voiceless postalveolar non-sibilant affricate consonante surde
postalveolar consonant
affricate consonant
Q121090281 voiceless postalveolar non-sibilant affricate consonante surde
postalveolar consonant
affricate consonant
Q105541504 voiceless postalveolar non-sibilant fricative consonante surde
postalveolar consonant
fricative consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ɹ̠̊˔
ɹ̝̊˗
r\_-_0_r
Q113659848 voiceless postalveolar non-sibilant fricative consonante surde
postalveolar consonant
fricative consonant
Q120997575 voiceless postalveolar non-sibilant fricative consonante surde
postalveolar consonant
fricative consonant
Q47011377 voiceless postalveolar stop postalveolar consonant
plosive consonant
consonante surde
t_-
Q47025084 voiceless postalveolar trill trill consonant
postalveolar consonant
consonante surde
r̠̊ r_-_0
Q23058457 voiceless postveolar fricative consonante surde
fricative consonant
Q2474780 voiceless retroflex affricate consonante surde
consonante retroflexe
affricate consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ʈʂ
ʈ͡ʂ
ts`
Q25347177 voiceless retroflex approximant consonante surde
consonante retroflexe
approximant consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ɻ̊ r\`_0
Q25347176 voiceless retroflex flap consonante surde
consonante retroflexe
consonante flap
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ɽ̊ r`_0
Q25345852 voiceless retroflex implosive consonante retroflexe
consonante surde
implosive consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
occlusive consonant
ᶑ̥
ʈʼ↓
Q25347186 voiceless retroflex lateral affricate consonante surde
consonante retroflexe
lateral consonant
affricate consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
ʈɭ̊˔
ʈꞎ
ʈ͜ɭ̊˔
Q25347173 voiceless retroflex lateral approximant consonante surde
consonante retroflexe
lateral consonant
approximant consonant
ɭ̊ l`_0
Q104771641 voiceless retroflex lateral flap consonante surde
consonante retroflexe
lateral consonant
consonante flap
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
ɭ̥̆
ɺ̣̊
ɺ̢̊
Q2501294 voiceless retroflex lateral fricative consonante surde
consonante retroflexe
lateral consonant
fricative consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant

ɭ̥˔
l`_r_0
Q122846294 voiceless retroflex non-sibilant affricate consonante surde
consonante retroflexe
affricate consonant
Q121097043 voiceless retroflex non-sibilant fricative consonante surde
consonante retroflexe
fricative consonant
Q841088 voiceless retroflex sibilant consonante surde
consonante retroflexe
sibilant consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ʂ s`
Q604208 voiceless retroflex stop plosive consonant
consonante surde
consonante retroflexe
pulmonic consonant
occlusive consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ʈ t`
Q25347175 voiceless retroflex trill trill consonant
consonante retroflexe
consonante surde
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ɽ͡r̥ r`r_0
Q122190679 voiceless trilled alveolar affricate consonante surde
consonante alveolar
affricate consonant
trill consonant
Q104845592 voiceless upper-pharyngeal plosive consonante surde
plosive consonant
Q1657054 voiceless uvular affricate consonante surde
uvular consonant
affricate consonant
oral consonant
pulmonic consonant
central consonant

q͡χ
q͜χ
q_X
qX
Q123120908 voiceless uvular approximant consonante surde
uvular consonant
approximant consonant
Q47087265 voiceless uvular flap consonante flap
uvular consonant
consonante surde
q_X
Q849796 voiceless uvular fricative consonante surde
uvular consonant
fricative consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
χ X
Q21013937 voiceless uvular implosive consonante surde
uvular consonant
implosive consonant
Q47013090 voiceless uvular nasal consonante nasal
uvular consonant
consonante surde
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
ɴ̥ N\_0
Q849422 voiceless uvular stop plosive consonant
consonante surde
uvular consonant
pulmonic consonant
occlusive consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
q q
Q18395680 voiceless uvular trill consonante surde
uvular consonant
trill consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
ʀ̥ R\_0
Q104871560 voiceless uvular–epiglottal plosive consonante surde
plosive consonant
uvular–epiglottal consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant

q͡ʡ
q>\
Q7939655 voiceless velar affricate consonante surde
consonante velar
affricate consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
kx
k͡x
k͜x
k_x
kx
Q25347180 voiceless velar approximant approximant consonant
consonante velar
consonante surde
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
ɰ̊

ɣ̞̊
ɣ̊˕
M\_0
Q47086806 voiceless velar flap consonante flap
consonante velar
consonante surde
impossible consonant
Q271603 voiceless velar fricative consonante surde
consonante velar
fricative consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
x x
Q25345849 voiceless velar implosive consonante surde
consonante velar
implosive consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
occlusive consonant
ɠ̊
kʼ↓
Q7939656 voiceless velar lateral affricate consonante surde
consonante velar
lateral consonant
affricate consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
kʟ̝̊
k͡ʟ̝̊
Q25346409 voiceless velar lateral approximant voiceless velar approximant
lateral approximant
consonante surde
lateral consonant
consonante velar
approximant consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
ʟ̥ L\_0
Q2323430 voiceless velar lateral fricative consonante surde
consonante velar
lateral consonant
fricative consonant
pulmonic consonant
oral consonant
𝼄
ʟ̝̊
Q7939657 voiceless velar nasal consonante surde
consonante velar
consonante nasal
pulmonic consonant
occlusive consonant
central consonant
ŋ̊ N_0
Q463543 voiceless velar stop consonante surde
consonante velar
plosive consonant
pulmonic consonant
occlusive consonant
oral consonant
central consonant
k k
Q47035250 voiceless velar trill trill consonant
consonante velar
consonante surde
impossible consonant[14]
Q105952247 voiceless velar-bilabial affricate consonante surde
consonante velar
consonante bilabial
affricate consonant
Q56324123 vowel phoneme phonema
vocal
Q121301277 yang vowel vocal
Q121301287 yin vowel vocal
Q285784 yus Cyrillic-script letter
Glagolitic letter
vocal
Q3274237 zero null
segment
Q17104788 zero copula null morpheme
copula
Q30892755 zvýšená alveolární vibranta voiced alveolar trill
Q11291809 České samohlásky vocal
Q11291861 České souhlásky consonante
Q24206608 ɑɪ closing diphthong[15] ɑɪ AI
Q24283493 ɑʊ closing diphthong[15] ɑʊ AU
Q24206652 ɔɪ closing diphthong[2] ɔɪ OI
Q24206654 əʊ closing diphthong[2] əʊ @U
Q24206668 ɪə centering diphthong[2] ɪə I@
Q24206671 ʊə centering diphthong[2] ʊə U@
Q24306647 ʌɪ closing diphthong ʌɪ VI
Q10497169 舒声韵 final
Fin de lista generate per ListeraBot.
  1. 1,0 1,1 1,2 1,3 1,4 1,5 1,6 1,7 The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language
  2. 2,0 2,1 2,2 2,3 2,4 2,5 2,6 http://colasula.com/?p=530
  3. 3,0 3,1 3,2 http://www.atlas.mouton-content.com/secure/generalmodules/anae/glossary/phonetics/closingdiph.html
  4. http://www.atlas.mouton-content.com/secure/generalmodules/anae/glossary/phonetics/centdiph.html
  5. https://www.internationalphoneticassociation.org/sites/default/files/extIPA_2016.pdf
  6. Template:IPA vowels
  7. https://books.google.com/books?id=9tnzBwAAQBAJ&pg=PA328
  8. https://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/us/definition/english/syllable
  9. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/syllable
  10. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/syllable
  11. 11,0 11,1 11,2 11,3 https://www.internationalphoneticassociation.org/sites/default/files/IPA_Kiel_2015.pdf
  12. 12,0 12,1 https://www.internationalphoneticassociation.org/content/ipa-pulmonic-consonants
  13. 13,0 13,1 Phonetic Notation
  14. 14,0 14,1 https://www.internationalphoneticassociation.org/sites/default/files/IPA_Doulos_2015.pdf
  15. 15,0 15,1 http://www.languagebits.com/phonetics-english/english-diphthongs/