Aminoacido

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Aminoacido
instantia de: structural class of chemical compounds[*]
subclasse de: amine[*], organic acid[*]
parte de: response to amino acid[*], cellular response to amino acid stimulus[*], vacuolar amino acid transmembrane transport[*], amino acid transmembrane transport[*], amino acid:proton symporter activity[*], amino acid:sodium symporter activity[*], amino acid:cation symporter activity[*], amino acid transport[*], amino acid transmembrane transporter activity[*], ABC-type amino acid transporter activity[*], amino acid:potassium symporter activity[*], amino acid export across plasma membrane[*], amino acid transmembrane export from vacuole[*], amino acid transmembrane import into vacuole[*], neutral amino acid transmembrane export from vacuole[*], basic amino acid transmembrane import into vacuole[*], neutral amino acid transmembrane import into vacuole[*], amino acid import[*], amino acid neurotransmitter reuptake[*], amino acid import across plasma membrane[*], amino acid homeostasis[*]
Molecular structures of the 21 proteinogenic amino acids.svg


Commons: Amino acids

Aminoacidos es compositos organic que contine un gruppo carboxylic (-COOH) e un gruppo amino (-NH2).

Proteinas consiste de aminoacidos ligate per ligationes peptidic. Le aminoacidos que naturalmente occurre in proteinas es nominate proteinogenic.

In eucaryotes il ha solmente 21 aminoacidos proteinogenic, le 20 del codice genetic regular, plus selenocysteina. Homines pote synthetisar 12 de istos del altere aminoacidos o de altere moleculas de metabolismo. Le altere nove debe esser consumite (usualmente como proteinas), e assi illos es nominate aminoacidos essential. Le aminoacidos essential es histidina, isoleucina, leucina, lysina, methionina, phenylalanina, threonina, tryptophano e valina.