Altere Stato de Conscientia

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Un Altere Stato de Conscientia(ASC),[1] etiam nominate altere stato de mente o alteration mente, es alicun condition que es differente vehemente ex stato vigilia normal.[1] In stato vigilia normal, le patrono unda cerebro es nominate un unda beta.[1] Le expression fue prime usate in 1966 ab Arnold M. Ludwig,[2] e deveniva in usage commun ab Charles Tart.[3][4]


An altered state of consciousness (ASC), or altered state of mind, is any condition which is significantly different from a normal waking state.[1] The expression was used in 1966 by Arnold M. Ludwig,[5] and brought into common usage by Charles Tart.[3][4] It describes induced changes in one's mental state, almost always temporary. A synonymous phrase is "altered state of awareness".

Altered states of consciousness can be associated with artistic creativity,[6] or different focus levels. They also can be shared between people and studied as a subject of sociological research.[7]

States of consciousness[modificar | modificar fonte]

During an altered state of consciousness, brain waves occupy different frequencies (i.e. Epsilon, Delta, Theta, Alpha, Beta, Gamma). These waves can be measured by electroencephalography (EEG). Also, subjective reports and observer reports of behaviour are used to identify the altered state.


Related pages[modificar | modificar fonte]

Referentia[modificar | modificar fonte]

  1. 1,0 1,1 1,2 1,3 In the normal waking state the brain wave pattern is called a beta wave. Bundzen P.V; Korotkov K.G. & Unestahl L.E. 2002. "Altered states of consciousness: review of experimental data obtained with a multiple techniques approach". J. Alternative Complementary Medicine 8 (2): 153–65. doi:10.1089/107555302317371442. PMID 12006123. 
  2. "Altered states of consciousness (presentation to symposium on Possession States in Primitive People)" . Archives of General Psychiatry 15 (3): 225. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1966.01730150001001. Recuperate le 29 September 2010. 
  3. 3,0 3,1 Tart, Charles T. 1969. Altered states of consciousness: a book of readings. New York: Wiley. ISBN 0-471-84560-4. 
  4. 4,0 4,1 Tart, Charles T. 2001. States of consciousness. Backinprint.com. ISBN 0-595-15196-5. 
  5. "Altered states of consciousness (presentation to symposium on Possession States in Primitive People)" . Archives of General Psychiatry 15 (3): 225. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1966.01730150001001. Recuperate le 29 September 2010. 
  6. Lombardo G.T. 2007. "An inquiry into the sources of poetic vision: Part I – the path to inspiration". J Am Acad Psychoanal Dyn Psychiatry 35 (3): 351–71. doi:10.1521/jaap.2007.35.3.351. PMID 17907906. 
  7. Patrono:Cite document


An altered state of consciousness (ASC),[1] also called altered state of mind or mind alteration, is any condition which is significantly different from a normal waking state. By 1892, the expression was in use in relation to hypnosis[2] although an ongoing debate about hypnosis as an ASC based on modern definition exists. The next retrievable instance, by Dr Max Mailhouse from his 1904 presentation to conference,[3] does however, as it was in relation to epilepsy, and is still used today. In academia, the expression was used as early as 1966 by Arnold M. Ludwig[4] and brought into common usage from 1969 by Charles Tart.[5][6] It describes induced changes in one's mental state, almost always temporary. A synonymous phrase is "altered state of awareness".