Kazan

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Kazan Bandiera de Union Europee
Казань Flag of Russia.svg
Казан (Tatar)
Kazan (Russia)
Kazan
Location de Kazan in le mappa de Russia
Coordinates
105 289) 55°47′N 49°10′E / 55.783, 49.167Coordinatas: 105 289) 55°47′N 49°10′E / 55.783, 49.167
Coat of Arms Bandera
Coat of Arms of Kazan (Tatarstan) (2004).png Flag of Kazan (Tatarstan).png
Dia de citate: August 30
Statut administrativo
Federal subject
In jurisdiction of
Capital of
Republica de Tatarstan
Republica de Tatarstan
Republica de Tatarstan
Government local
Charta Charta de Kazan
Statut municipal Urban okrug
Mayor İlsur Metşin
Comitet representativo Kazan Duma
Area
Area Patrono:Km2 to sq mi
Population
2002 Census
- Rank
- Density
1 105 289 inhabitants
8th
Patrono:PD km2 to sq mi
Events
Fundate ~1005
Mentioned in chronicle 1177
Khanate sw Kazan 1438
Conquered de Russia 1552
Capital de Tatarstan 1920
Altere informationes
Codice postal 420xxx
Codice telephonic +7 843
Website official
http://www.kzn.ru/

Kazan (russo: Каза́нь; Patrono:Lang-tt, Qazan) es le citate capital del Republica del Republica de Tatarstan in le [[|Russia|Federation Russe]]. Kazan es un urbe habitate per 1,12 milliones de personas e es un citate plus grande de Russia. Illo es le plus importante centre de cultara Tatar. Kazan es in vicinitate de le rio Volga e rio Kazanka in le centro del part europee de Russia.


Clima[modificar | modificar fonte]

Kazan ha un climate continenta humid.


Weather averages for Kazan (1971 - 2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 3.8 (39) 5.2 (41) 11.0 (52) 29.5 (85) 33.8 (93) 37.5 (100) 37.9 (100) 37.7 (100) 32.3 (90) 23.4 (74) 15.0 (59) 6.1 (43) 37,9 (100)
Average high °C (°F) -7.1 (19) -5.8 (22) 0.8 (33) 10.7 (51) 18.8 (66) 23.9 (75) 24.9 (77) 22.2 (72) 16.0 (61) 7.7 (46) -1.2 (30) -4.4 (24) 8,9 (48)
Average low °C (°F) -14.1 (7) -13.1 (8) -6.9 (20) 2.2 (36) 7.8 (46) 12.7 (55) 14.2 (58) 11.7 (53) 7.1 (45) 1.4 (35) -6.3 (21) -10.4 (13) 0,5 (33)
Record low °C (°F) -46.8 (-52) -39.9 (-40) -31.7 (-25) -25.6 (-14) -6.5 (20) -1.4 (29) 2.6 (37) 1.6 (35) -5.4 (22) -23.4 (-10) -36.6 (-34) -43.9 (-47) -46,8 (-52)
Precipitation mm (inches) 35 (1.38) 30 (1.18) 25 (0.98) 34 (1.34) 38 (1.5) 70 (2.76) 66 (2.6) 59 (2.32) 55 (2.17) 54 (2.13) 44 (1.73) 38 (1.5) 548 (21,57)
Source: [1] 22/03/2009

Historia[modificar | modificar fonte]

Un vista de Kazan Kremlin

Le citate ha essite fundate de Bulgaros de Volga in seculo XI o de Tatares de la Horda de auro in le seculo XV. In 1552, le citate Kazan ha essite conquest de Russia sub Ivan le Terribilo e le majoritate del population ha essite massacrate.

Historical population[modificar | modificar fonte]

Strata Bauman (Kazan)
  • 1550–50000
  • 1708–40000
  • 1830–43900
  • 1839–51600
  • 1859–60600
  • 1862–63100
  • 1883–140000
  • 1897–130000
  • 1917–206600
  • 1926–179000
  • 1939–398000
  • 1959–667000
  • 1979–989000
  • 1989–1094400
  • 1997–1076000
  • 2000–1089500
  • 2002–1105289 (census)
  • 2008-1120200

Nomines historic[modificar | modificar fonte]

  • Tatar (ora, 1928–1939): Qazan;
  • (1939–2000): Казан;
  • (1918–1928): قازان ;
  • (1918–1922), Arab: قزان ;
  • Russo: Каза́нь [Kazan];
  • Arabic (hist.): Bulgar al-Jadid (in Tatar transliteration:Bolğar âl-Cädid) - Nove Bolğar;
  • German: Kasan, Latin: Casan, French: Kazan, Latvian: Kazaņa, Polish: Kazań,


Central Kazan[modificar | modificar fonte]

Kremlin[modificar | modificar fonte]

Le citate ha Kazan Kremlin un bella citadel (Russo: kreml, o Tatar: kirman), ha essite declarate le Sito mundial de hereditage in 2000.

Bistä o Posad[modificar | modificar fonte]

Central Kazan es dividite in duo districtos de le canal Bolaq canal e Laco Qaban.

Linguas[modificar | modificar fonte]

Lingua russe e LIngua Tatar es parlate in le citate.

Citate communitates ethnic[modificar | modificar fonte]

Le Temple de tutte religias.

Le citate population es composite de Tatars (52%) e Russos (43%).


Citates gemini[modificar | modificar fonte]

Vide etiam[modificar | modificar fonte]

Commons-logo.svg
Wikimedia Commons ha archivos multimedia de: Kazan

Referentias[modificar | modificar fonte]

  1. Pogoda.ru.net (Russian). Recuperate le 22/03/2009.


Ligamines external[modificar | modificar fonte]

Patrono:Russian republics capitals